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Brown Bear, Ursus arctos  

EN: Brown Bear FR: Ours brun DE: Braunbär ES: Oso pardo CZ: medved hnedý PL: Niedzwiedz brunatny SK: Medved hnedý IT: Orso bruno NL: Bruine Beer
FI: karhu HU: barna medve EE: Pruunkaru karu LV: brunais lacis TR: Boz ayi CA: Ós bru DK: Brun bjørn HR: Smedi medvjed
LT: Rudasis lokys NO: Brunbjørn PT: Urso-pardo RO: Urs brun SL: Rjavi medved



© http://www.ecosystema.ru/


  
© www.ecosystema.ru/
The Kamchatkan Brown Bear ( Ursus arctos ) is a species of bear that can reach masses of 130–700 kg (300–1500 pounds ).
The Grizzly Bear ( Ursus arctos horribilis ), the Kodiak Bear and the Mexican Brown Bear are North American subspecies
of the Brown Bear. It is sometimes referred to poetically as the bruin.

Brown Bears have furry coats in shades of blonde, brown, black, or a combination of those colors;
the long outer guard hairs are often tipped with white or silver, giving a "grizzled" appearance.
Brown bears have a large hump of muscle over their shoulders, giving strength to the forelimbs for digging.
Their forearms end in massive paws tipped with extremely powerful claws that can be up to 15 cm (5.9 inches ) in length.


Photo: nai.arc.nasa.gov/kamchatka (notactive as per Sept. 2010)
Unlike the claws of other large predatory animals, such as lions or tigers, the claws are not retractable.
This gives the claws a dull edge when compared to other predators.
Despite the relatively dull edges to their claws, the sheer force of a blow from a large specimen is devastating.
However, these claws are mainly used for digging, not for hunting.

It uses its sharp canine teeth for neck-biting its prey when hunting.
Bears use the same technique as tigers when hunting: they ambush their prey.
Their heads are large and round with a concave facial profile.
In spite of their size, some have been clocked at speeds in excess of 56 km/h (35 mph).
Along with their strength and deceptive speed, Brown Bears are legendary for their physical stamina.
They are capable of running at full speed for miles at a time without stopping.


Brown bear (Ursus arctos arctos) running. From Skandinavisk Dyrepark, Denmark
Photo: © Malene Thyssen Wikimedia
The Brown Bear is primarily nocturnal and, in the summer, puts on up to 180 kg (400 pounds) of fat ,
on which it relies to make it through winter, when it becomes very lethargic.
Although they are not true hibernators and can be woken easily, they like to den in a protected spot such as a cave ,
crevice, or hollow log during the winter months.



© - josef hlasek

They are omnivores and feed on a variety of plant parts, including berries, roots , and sprouts ; fungi ;
and fish , insects , and small mammals .
Contrary to popular mythology, Brown Bears are not particularly carnivorous;
they derive up to three-quarters of their dietary food energy from vegetable matter.


© - josef hlasek
Normally a solitary animal, the Brown Bear congregates alongside streams and rivers during the salmon spawn in the fall.
Every other year females produce one to four young, which weigh only about 1 to 2 kg (2 to 5 lb) at birth
Another source says from only 300 gr to 600 gr. But that won't last long..


© - josef hlasek
Raised entirely by their mother, the cubs are taught to climb trees at the sign of danger.


© - lubomir hlasek

text nai.arc.nasa.gov/kamchatka
sew also Brownbear in Kamchatka

American black bear - more to come
ARKive video - American black bear - overview

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