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Hummingbirds, Trochilinae


Order: Apodiformes
(~450)

Family Trochilidae – hummingbirds
Subfamily Trochilinae
Subfamily: Phaethornithinae
Family Apodidae – swifts
Family Hemiprocnidae – treeswifts


Traditionally, the bird order Apodiformes contained three living families: the swifts, Apodidae,
the tree swifts, Hemiprocnidae, and the hummingbirds, Trochilidae, Trochiliformes.


Subfamily Trochilinae

Trochilinae is a subfamily of the hummingbird family, Trochilidae.
Members of the subfamily Trochilinae are sometimes called typical hummingbirds.
They typically display iridescent plumage in metallic reds, oranges, greens and/or blues.
Strong sexual dimorphism in plumage and size is evident in many species.

Taxonomic list
Genus Androdon
Tooth-billed Hummingbird, Androdon aequatorialis
Genus Doryfera
Green-fronted Lancebill, Doryfera ludovicae
Blue-fronted Lancebill, Doryfera johannae
Genus Phaeochroa
Scaly-breasted Hummingbird, Phaeochroa cuvierii
Genus Campylopterus – sabrewings (12 species)
Wedge-tailed Sabrewing, Campylopterus curvipennis
Long-tailed Sabrewing, Campylopterus excellens
Gray-breasted Sabrewing, Campylopterus largipennis
Rufous Sabrewing, Campylopterus rufus
Violet Sabrewing, Campylopterus hemileucurus
Rufous-breasted Sabrewing, Campylopterus hyperythrus
White-tailed Sabrewing, Campylopterus ensipennis
Lazuline Sabrewing, Campylopterus falcatus
Santa Marta Sabrewing, Campylopterus phainopeplus
Napo Sabrewing, Campylopterus villaviscensio
Buff-breasted Sabrewing, Campylopterus duidae
Sombre Hummingbird, Campylopterus cirrochloris (genus Aphantochroa?).
Genus Eupetomena
Swallow-tailed Hummingbird, Eupetomena macrourus
Genus Florisuga
White-necked Jacobin, Florisuga mellivora
Black Jacobin, Florisuga fuscus
Genus Colibri – violet-ears (4 species)
Brown Violetear, Colibri delphinae
Green Violetear, Colibri thalassinus
Sparkling Violetear, Colibri coruscans
White-vented Violetear, Colibri serrirostris
Genus Anthracothorax
Green-throated Mango, Anthracothorax viridigula
Green-breasted Mango, Anthracothorax prevostii
Black-throated Mango, Anthracothorax nigricollis
Veraguan Mango, Anthracothorax veraguensis
Antillean Mango, Anthracothorax dominicus
Green Mango, Anthracothorax viridis
Jamaican Mango, Anthracothorax mango
Genus Avocettula
Fiery-tailed Awlbill, Avocettula recurvirostris
Genus Topaza Crimson Topaz, Topaza pella
Fiery Topaz, Topaza pyra
Genus Eulampis
Purple-throated Carib, Eulampis jugularis
Green-throated Carib, Eulampis holosericeus
Genus Chrysolampis – Ruby-topaz Hummingbird
Genus Orthorhyncus
Antillean Crested Hummingbird, Orthorhyncus cristatus
Genus Klais
Violet-headed Hummingbird, Klais guimeti
Genus Stephanoxis
Plovercrest, Stephanoxis lalandi
Genus Abeillia
Emerald-chinned Hummingbird, Abeillia abeillei
Genus Lophornis
Dot-eared Coquette, Lophornis gouldii
Frilled Coquette, Lophornis magnificus
Short-crested Coquette, Lophornis brachylophus
Rufous-crested Coquette, Lophornis delattrei
Spangled Coquette, Lophornis stictolophus
Festive Coquette, Lophornis chalybeus
Peacock Coquette, Lophornis pavoninus
Black-crested Coquette, Lophornis helenae
White-crested Coquette, Lophornis adorabilis
Genus Discosura
Wire-crested Thorntail, Discosura popelairii
Black-bellied Thorntail, Discosura langsdorffi
Coppery Thorntail, Discosura letitiae (possibly extinct)
Green Thorntail, Discosura conversii
Racket-tailed Coquette, Discosura longicauda
Genus Trochilus
Green-and-black Streamertail, Trochilus polytmus
Black-billed Streamertail, Trochilus scitulus
Genus Chlorostilbon
Blue-chinned Sapphire, Chlorostilbon notatus
Blue-tailed Emerald, Chlorostilbon mellisugus
Golden-crowned Emerald, Chlorostilbon auriceps
Cozumel Emerald, Chlorostilbon forficatus
Canivet's Emerald, Chlorostilbon canivetii
Garden Emerald, Chlorostilbon assimilis
Glittering-bellied Emerald, Chlorostilbon aureoventris
Chiribiquete Emerald, Chlorostilbon olivaresi
Cuban Emerald, Chlorostilbon ricordii
Brace's Emerald, Chlorostilbon bracei (extinct)
Gould's Emerald, Chlorostilbon elegans (extinct)
Hispaniolan Emerald, Chlorostilbon swainsonii
Puerto Rican Emerald, Chlorostilbon maugaeus
Coppery Emerald, Chlorostilbon russatus
Narrow-tailed Emerald, Chlorostilbon stenurus
Green-tailed Emerald, Chlorostilbon alice
Short-tailed Emerald, Chlorostilbon poortmani
Genus Basilinna (recently split from Hylocharis)
Xantus's Hummingbird, Basilinna xantusii
White-eared Hummingbird, Basilinna leucotis
Genus Elvira
White-tailed Emerald, Elvira chionura
Coppery-headed Emerald, Elvira cupreiceps
Genus Eupherusa
Blue-capped Hummingbird, Eupherusa cyanophrys
White-tailed Hummingbird, Eupherusa poliocerca
Stripe-tailed Hummingbird, Eupherusa eximia
Black-bellied Hummingbird, Eupherusa nigriventris
Genus Goethalsia
Rufous-cheeked Hummingbird, Goethalsia bella
Genus Goldmania
Violet-capped Hummingbird, Goldmania violiceps
Genus Cynanthus
Dusky Hummingbird, Cynanthus sordidus
Broad-billed Hummingbird, Cynanthus latirostris
Blue-headed Hummingbird, Cyanophaia bicolor
Genus Thalurania
Violet-crowned Woodnymph, Thalurania colombica
Mexican Woodnymph, Thalurania ridgwayi
Green-crowned Woodnymph, Thalurania fannyi
Fork-tailed Woodnymph, Thalurania furcata
Long-tailed Woodnymph, Thalurania watertonii
Violet-capped Woodnymph, Thalurania glaucopis
Genus Damophila
Violet-bellied Hummingbird, Damophila julie
Genus Lepidopyga
Sapphire-throated Hummingbird, Lepidopyga coeruleogularis
Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird, Lepidopyga lilliae
Shining-green Hummingbird, Lepidopyga goudoti
Genus Hylocharis
Blue-throated Goldentail, Hylocharis eliciae
Rufous-throated Sapphire, Hylocharis sapphirina
White-chinned Sapphire, Hylocharis cyanus
Gilded Sapphire, Hylocharis chrysura
Blue-headed Sapphire, Hylocharis grayi
Genus Chrysuronia
Golden-tailed Sapphire, Chrysuronia oenone
Genus Leucochloris
White-throated Hummingbird, Leucochloris albicollis
Genus Polytmus
White-tailed Goldenthroat, Polytmus guainumbi
Tepui Goldenthroat, Polytmus milleri
Green-tailed Goldenthroat, Polytmus theresiae
Genus Leucippus
Buffy Hummingbird, Leucippus fallax
Tumbes Hummingbird, Leucippus baeri
Spot-throated Hummingbird, Leucippus taczanowskii
Olive-spotted Hummingbird, Leucippus chlorocercus
White-bellied Hummingbird, Leucippus chionogaster
Green-and-white Hummingbird, Leucippus viridicauda
Many-spotted Hummingbird, Leucippus hypostictus
Genus Amazilia
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird, Amazilia tzacatl
Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird, Amazilia castaneiventris
Amazilia Hummingbird, Amazilia amazilia
Loja Hummingbird, Amazilia alticola
Buff-bellied Hummingbird, Amazilia yucatanensis
Cinnamon Hummingbird, Amazilia rutila
Honduran Emerald, Amazilia luciae
Genus Agyrtria
Plain-bellied Emerald, Agyrtria leucogaster
Versicolored Emerald, Agyrtria versicolor
Rondonia Emerald, Agyrtria rondoniae
White-chested Emerald, Agyrtria brevirostris
Andean Emerald, Agyrtria franciae
White-bellied Emerald, Agyrtria candida
Azure-crowned Hummingbird, Agyrtria cyanocephala
Violet-crowned Hummingbird, Agyrtria violiceps
Green-fronted Hummingbird, Agyrtria viridifrons
Genus Polyerata
Sapphire-spangled Emerald, Polyerata lactea
Glittering-throated Emerald, Polyerata fimbriata
Blue-chested Hummingbird, Polyerata amabilis
Charming Hummingbird, Polyerata decora
Purple-chested Hummingbird, Polyerata rosenbergi
Mangrove Hummingbird, Polyerata boucardi
Honduran Emerald, Polyerata luciae
Genus Saucerottia
Steely-vented Hummingbird, Saucerottia saucerrottei
Indigo-capped Hummingbird, Saucerottia cyanifrons
Alfaro's Hummingbird, Saucerottia alfaroana (probably extinct)
Snowy-bellied Hummingbird, Saucerottia edward
Blue-tailed Hummingbird, Saucerottia cyanura
Berylline Hummingbird, Saucerottia beryllina
Green-bellied Hummingbird, Saucerottia viridigaster
Copper-tailed Hummingbird, Saucerottia cupreicauda
Copper-rumped Hummingbird, Saucerottia tobaci
Genus Panterpe – Fiery-throated Hummingbird
Genus Oreopyra
White-bellied Mountaingem, Oreopyra hemileucus (recently split from Lampornis)
Genus Microchera – Snowcap
Genus Anthocephala
Blossomcrown, Anthocephala floriceps
Genus Chalybura
White-vented Plumeleteer, Chalybura buffonii
Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer, Chalybura urochrysia
Genus Lampornis – typical mountaingems (6-8 species)
Blue-throated Mountaingem, Lampornis clemenciae
Amethyst-throated Mountaingem, Lampornis amethystinus
   Red-throated Mountangem, Lampornis (amethystinus) salvini
Green-throated Mountaingem, Lampornis viridipallens
Green-breasted Mountaingem, Lampornis sybillae
Purple-throated Mountaingem, Lampornis calolaemus
White-throated Mountaingem, Lampornis castaneoventris
Gray-tailed Mountaingem, Lampornis castaneoventris cinereicauda
Genus Phlogophilus
Ecuadorian Piedtail, Phlogophilus hemileucurus
Peruvian Piedtail, Phlogophilus harterti
Genus Adelomyia – Speckled Hummingbird
Genus Clytolaema – Brazilian Ruby
Genus Heliodoxa
Gould's Jewelfront, Heliodoxa aurescens
Fawn-breasted Brilliant, Heliodoxa rubinoides
Violet-fronted Brilliant, Heliodoxa leadbeateri
Velvet-browed Brilliant, Heliodoxa xanthogonys
Black-throated Brilliant, Heliodoxa schreibersii
Pink-throated Brilliant, Heliodoxa gularis
Rufous-webbed Brilliant, Heliodoxa branickii
Empress Brilliant, Heliodoxa imperatrix
Green-crowned Brilliant, Heliodoxa jacula
Genus Lamprolaima
Garnet-throated Hummingbird, Lamprolaima rhami
Genus Eugenes – Magnificent Hummingbird
Genus Hylonympha
Scissor-tailed Hummingbird, Hylonympha macrocerca
Genus Sternoclyta – Violet-chested Hummingbird
Genus Urochroa White-tailed Hillstar, Urochroa bougueri
Genus Boissonneaua
Chestnut-breasted Coronet, Boissonneaua matthewsii
Buff-tailed Coronet, Boissonneaua flavescens
Velvet-purple Coronet, Boissonneaua jardini
Genus Aglaeactis
Shining Sunbeam, Aglaeactis cupripennis
White-tufted Sunbeam, Aglaeactis castelnaudii
Purple-backed Sunbeam, Aglaeactis aliciae
Black-hooded Sunbeam, Aglaeactis pamela
Genus Oreotrochilus
Andean Hillstar, Oreotrochilus estella
    Green-headed Hillstar, Oreotrochilus estella stolzmanni
Chimborazo Hillstar, Oreotrochilus chimborazo
White-sided Hillstar, Oreotrochilus leucopleurus
Black-breasted Hillstar, Oreotrochilus melanogaster
Wedge-tailed Hillstar, Oreotrochilus adela
Genus Lafresnaya
Mountain Velvetbreast, Lafresnaya lafresnayi
Genus Coeligena
Bronzy Inca, Coeligena coeligena
Brown Inca, Coeligena wilsoni
Black Inca, Coeligena prunellei
Collared Inca, Coeligena torquata
Gould's Inca, Coeligena torquata inca
White-tailed Starfrontlet, Coeligena phalerata
Golden-bellied Starfrontlet, Coeligena bonapartei
   Golden Starfrontlet, Coeligena bonapartei eos
Blue-throated Starfrontlet, Coeligena helianthea
Buff-winged Starfrontlet, Coeligena lutetiae
Violet-throated Starfrontlet, Coeligena violifer
Rainbow Starfrontlet, Coeligena iris
Dusky Starfrontlet, Coeligena orina
Genus Ensifera
Sword-billed Hummingbird, Ensifera ensifera
Genus Pterophanes
Great Sapphirewing, Pterophanes cyanopterus
Genus Patagona
Giant Hummingbird, Patagona gigas
Genus Sephanoides
Green-backed Firecrown, Sephanoides sephaniodes
Juan Fernández Firecrown, Sephanoides fernandensis
   Alejandro Selkirk Firecrown, Sephanoides fernandensis leyboldi – extinct (1908)
Genus Heliangelus
Longuemare's Sunangel, Heliangelus clarisse
Orange-throated Sunangel, Heliangelus mavors
Amethyst-throated Sunangel, Heliangelus amethysticollis
Gorgeted Sunangel, Heliangelus strophianus
Tourmaline Sunangel, Heliangelus exortis
Flame-throated Sunangel, Heliangelus micrastur
Purple-throated Sunangel, Heliangelus viola
Royal Sunangel, Heliangelus regalis
Bogota Sunangel, Heliangelus zusii (probably extinct)
Genus Eriocnemis (12 species, possibly one recently extinct)
Black-breasted Puffleg, Eriocnemis nigrivestis
Gorgeted Puffleg, Eriocnemis isabellae
Glowing Puffleg, Eriocnemis vestita
Black-thighed Puffleg, Eriocnemis derbyi
Turquoise-throated Puffleg, Eriocnemis godini - possibly extinct (20th century?)
Coppery-bellied Puffleg, Eriocnemis cupreoventris
Sapphire-vented Puffleg, Eriocnemis luciani
    Coppery-naped Puffleg, Eriocnemis luciani sapphiropygia
Golden-breasted Puffleg, Eriocnemis mosquera
Blue-capped Puffleg, Eriocnemis glaucopoides
Colourful Puffleg, Eriocnemis mirabilis
Emerald-bellied Puffleg, Eriocnemis alinae
Genus Haplophaedia Greenish Puffleg, Haplophaedia aureliae
Buff-thighed Puffleg, Haplophaedia assimilis
Hoary Puffleg, Haplophaedia lugens
Genus Urosticte
Purple-bibbed Whitetip, Urosticte benjamini
Rufous-vented Whitetip, Urosticte ruficrissa
Genus Ocreatus – Booted Racket-tail
Genus Lesbia
Black-tailed Trainbearer, Lesbia victoriae
Green-tailed Trainbearer, Lesbia nuna
Genus Sappho – Red-tailed Comet
Genus Polyonymus
Bronze-tailed Comet, Polyonymus caroli
Genus Ramphomicron
Purple-backed Thornbill, Ramphomicron microrhynchum
Black-backed Thornbill, Ramphomicron dorsale
Genus Oreonympha
Bearded Mountaineer, Oreonympha nobilis
Genus Oxypogon
Bearded Helmetcrest, Oxypogon guerinii
Genus Metallura
Tyrian Metaltail, Metallura tyrianthina
Perija Metaltail, Metallura iracunda
Scaled Metaltail, Metallura aeneocauda
Fiery-throated Metaltail, Metallura eupogon
Coppery Metaltail, Metallura theresiae
Neblina Metaltail, Metallura odomae
Violet-throated Metaltail, Metallura baroni
Viridian Metaltail, Metallura williami
Black Metaltail, Metallura phoebe
Genus Chalcostigma
Rufous-capped Thornbill, Chalcostigma ruficeps
Olivaceous Thornbill, Chalcostigma olivaceum
Blue-mantled Thornbill, Chalcostigma stanleyi
Bronze-tailed Thornbill, Chalcostigma heteropogon
Rainbow-bearded Thornbill, Chalcostigma herrani
Genus Opisthoprora
Mountain Avocetbill, Opisthoprora euryptera
Genus Taphrolesbia
Gray-bellied Comet, Taphrolesbia griseiventris
Genus Aglaiocercus
Long-tailed Sylph, Aglaiocercus kingi
Violet-tailed Sylph, Aglaiocercus coelestis
Venezuelan Sylph, Aglaiocercus berlepschi
Genus Augastes
Hyacinth Visorbearer, Augastes scutatus
Hooded Visorbearer, Augastes lumachella
Genus Schistes - sometimes included in Augastes
Wedge-billed Hummingbird, Schistes geoffroyi
Genus Heliothryx
Purple-crowned Fairy, Heliothryx barroti
Black-eared Fairy, Heliothryx aurita
Genus Heliactin – Horned Sungem
Genus Loddigesia – Marvelous Spatuletail
Genus Heliomaster
Plain-capped Starthroat, Heliomaster constantii
Long-billed Starthroat, Heliomaster longirostris
Stripe-breasted Starthroat, Heliomaster squamosus
Blue-tufted Starthroat, Heliomaster furcifer
Genus Rhodopis
Oasis Hummingbird, Rhodopis vesper
Genus Thaumastura
Peruvian Sheartail, Thaumastura cora
Genus Tilmatura
Sparkling-tailed Woodstar, Tilmatura dupontii
Genus Doricha
Slender Sheartail, Doricha enicura
Mexican Sheartail, Doricha eliza
Genus Calliphlox – includes Philodice
Bahama Woodstar, Calliphlox evelynae
Magenta-throated Woodstar, Calliphlox bryantae
Purple-throated Woodstar, Calliphlox mitchellii
Amethyst Woodstar, Calliphlox amethystina
Genus Microstilbon
Slender-tailed Woodstar, Microstilbon burmeisteri
Genus Calothorax
Lucifer Hummingbird, Calothorax lucifer
Beautiful Hummingbird, Calothorax pulcher
Genus Mellisuga
Vervain Hummingbird, Mellisuga minima
Bee Hummingbird, Mellisuga helenae
Genus Archilochus
Ruby-throated Hummingbird, Archilochus colubris
Black-chinned Hummingbird, Archilochus alexandri
Genus Calypte
Anna's Hummingbird, Calypte anna
Costa's Hummingbird, Calypte costae
Genus Atthis
Bumblebee Hummingbird, Atthis heloisa
Wine-throated Hummingbird, Atthis ellioti
Genus Stellula – Calliope Hummingbird
Genus Myrtis
Purple-collared Woodstar, Myrtis fanny
Genus Eulidia
Chilean Woodstar, Eulidia yarrellii
Genus Myrmia
Short-tailed Woodstar, Myrmia micrura
Genus Chaetocercus – typical woodstars (6 species, includes Acestrura)
White-bellied Woodstar, Chaetocercus mulsant
Little Woodstar, Chaetocercus bombus
Gorgeted Woodstar, Chaetocercus heliodor
Santa Marta Woodstar, Chaetocercus astreans
Esmeraldas Woodstar, Chaetocercus berlepschi
Rufous-shafted Woodstar, Chaetocercus jourdanii
Genus Selasphorus (6 species)
Scintillant Hummingbird, Selasphorus scintilla
Glow-throated Hummingbird, Selasphorus ardens
Volcano Hummingbird, Selasphorus flammula
Broad-tailed Hummingbird, Selasphorus platycercus
Rufous Hummingbird, Selasphorus rufus
Allen's Hummingbird, Selasphorus sasin



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ANIMALS

over 250

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BIRDS

over 500

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FLOWERS

over 225
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