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Pheasants, Phasianinae

Blood Pheasant, Ithaginis cruentus
Great Argus, Argusianus argus

Photo: Gary Noon


Galliformes are an order of heavy-bodied ground-feeding domestic or game bird, containing turkey, grouse, chicken,
New and Old World Quail, ptarmigan, partridge, pheasant, and the Cracidae. Common names are gamefowl or gamebirds,.
landfowl, gallinaceous birds or galliforms. "Wildfowl" or just "fowl" are also often used for Galliformes, but usually these terms
also refer to waterfowl (Anseriformes), and occasionally to other commonly hunted birds.

This group has about 290 species, one or more of which are found in essentially every part of the world's continents (except for
the innermost deserts and perpetual ice). They are more rare on islands, and in contrast to the closely related waterfowl are
essentially absent from oceanic islands—except if introduced there by humans. Several species have been domesticated during
their long and extensive relationship with humans.

This order contains five families: Phasianidae (including chicken, quail, partridges, pheasants, turkeys, and grouse), Odontophoridae (New World quails), Numididae (guineafowl), Cracidae (including chachalacas and currasows), and
Megapodiidae (incubator birds like mallee fowl and brush-turkeys). They are important as seed dispersers and predators in the
ecosystems they inhabit and are often reared as game birds by humans for meat and egg consumption and for recreational hunting.
All are skilled runners that can fly only a few hundred feet when escaping danger. Males of most species are more colorful than
the females. Males often have elaborate courtship behaviors that include strutting, fluffing of tail or head feathers, and vocal sounds.
They are mainly non-migratory birds.

Gallinaceous birds feed on a variety of plant and animal material, which may include fruits, seeds, leaves, shoots, flowers, tubers,
roots, insects, snails, worms, lizards, snakes, small rodents, and eggs.

Most of the galliform birds are more or less resident, but some of the smaller temperate species (such as quail) do migrate over
considerable distances. Altitudinal migration is evidently quite common amongst montane species and a few species of subtropical
and subarctic regions must reach their watering and/or foraging areas through sustained flight. Species known to make extensive
flights include the ptarmigans, sage-grouse (Centrocercus), Crested Partridge, Green Peafowl, Crested Argus, Mountain Peacock-
Pheasant, Polyplectron inopinatum, Koklass Pheasant, Pucrasia macrolopha, Reeves's Pheasant, Syrmaticus reevesii and
Green Junglefowl, Gallus varius. Other species—most of the New World quails (also known as the toothed quails),
the enigmatic Stone Partridge, Ptilopachus petrosus of Africa, guineafowl and eared pheasants, Crossoptilon—are all notable
for their daily excursions on foot which may take them many miles in a given day.

Some Galliformes are adapted to grassland habitat, and these genera are remarkable for their long, thin necks, long legs and large,
wide wings. Fairly unrelated species like the Crested Fireback, Lophura ignita, Vulturine Guineafowl, Acryllium vulturinum,
and Malleefowl, Leipoa ocellata, are outwardly similar in their body types.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phasianoidea

Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianinae

Family Megapodidae – mound-builders and scrubfowl, or megapodes
Family Cracidae – chachalacas, guans and curassows
Superfamily Phasianoidea
Family Odontophoridae – New World quail
Genus: Dendrortyx
Genus: Oreortyx
Genus: Philortyx
Genus: Colinus
Genus: Odontophorus
Genus: Dactylortyx
Genus: Cyrtonyx
Genus: Rhynchortyx

Family Numididae – guineafowl
Genus Agelastes
White-breasted Guineafowl, Agelastes meleagrides
Black Guineafowl, Agelastes niger
Genus Numida
Helmeted Guineafowl, Numida meleagris
Genus Guttera
Plumed Guineafowl, Guttera plumifera
   Crested Guineafowl, Guttera pucherani Kenya
   Crested Guineafowl, Guttera pucherani pucherani
   Crested Guineafowl, Guttera pucherani edouardi

Genus Acryillium
Vulturine Guineafowl, Acryllium vulturinum
Family Phasianidae
– pheasants, partridges and relatives
Subfamily Arborophilinae – jungle- and wood-partridges now Perdicinae? Genus Arborophila?
Subfamily Coturnicinae – Old World quail, scrub-partridges and spurfowl Genus Coturnix
Subfamily Pavoninae – peafowl and ocellated pheasants Genus Pavo
Subfamily Gallininae – francolins and junglefowl (including chickens) now Phasianinae???
Genus Gallus
Red Junglefowl, Gallus gallus
Sri Lanka Junglefowl, Gallus lafayetii
Grey Junglefowl, Gallus sonneratii
Green Junglefowl, Gallus varius
Subfamily Meleagridinae – turkeys
Genus: Meleagris
Meleagris gallopavo
Meleagris ocellata
Subfamily Perdicinae – grey partridges (probably belong in either Meleagridinae or Phasianinae)
Genus: Alectoris
Genus: Ammoperdix
Genus: Arborophila
Genus: Bambusicola
Genus: Haematortyx
Genus: Lerwa
Genus: Margaroperdix
Genus: Melanoperdix
Genus: Perdix
Genus: Ptilopachus
Genus: Rhizothera
Genus: Rollulus
Genus: Tetraophasis
Genus: Xenoperdix

Subfamily Tetraoninae – grouse
Subfamily Phasianinae – true pheasants

Don't forget to go to http://www.gbwf.org/ for lots of more info on Pheasants.

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