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Partridges, Subfamily Perdicinae

Grey Partridge, Perdix perdix
Photo: Marek_Szczepanek

Partridges are birds in the pheasant family, Phasianidae. They are a non-migratory Old World group.
These are medium-sized birds, intermediate between the larger pheasants and the smaller quails. Partridges are native to Europe,
Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. Partridges are ground-nesting seed-eaters.

Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Subfamily Perdicinae

Subfamily Perdicinae
– grey partridges
       (probably belong in either Meleagridinae or Phasianinae)

Genus Ptilopachus

Stone Partridge, Ptilopachus petrosus
Nahan's Partridge, Ptilopachus nahani

Genus Lerwa.
Snow Partridge, Lerwa lerwa - Snow Partridge, found throughout the Himalayas.

Genus Tetraophasis - Monal-Partridges, native to China
Verreaux's Monal-Partridge, Tetraophasis obscurus
Szechenyi's Monal-Partridge, Tetraophasis szechenyii

Genus Tetraogallus - Snowcock, large partridges found in montane Asia.
Himalayan Snowcock, Tetraogallus himalayensis
Caucasian Snowcock, Tetraogallus caucasicus
Caspian Snowcock, Tetraogallus caspius
Tibetan Snowcock, Tetraogallus tibetanus
Altai Snowcock, Tetraogallus altaicus

Genus Alectoris - The Rock Partridges, also known as Red-legged Partridges,
                               found in Europe, Africa & Asia.
Arabian Partridge, Alectoris melanocephala
Przevalski's Partridge, Alectoris magna
Rock Partridge, Alectoris graeca
Chukar, Alectoris chukar
Philby's Partridge, Alextoris philbyi
Barbary Partridge, Alectoris barbara
Red-legged Partridge, Alectoris rufa

Genus Ammoperdix - Monal-Partridges, found in NE Africa & SW Asia.
See-see Partridge, Ammoperdix griseogularis
Sand Partridge, Ammoperdix heyi

Genus Perdix - Typical or Grey Partridges, native to Europe & Asia.
Grey Partridge, Perdix perdix
Daurian Partridge, Perdix dauurica
Tibetan Partridge, Perdix hodgsoniae

Genus Rhizothera - Long-billed Partridge, found in tropical Asia.
Long-billed Partridge, Rhizothera longirostris

Genus Margaroperdix - Madagascar Partridge, endemic to Madagascar.
Madagascar Partridge, Margaroperdix madagascarensis

Genus Melanoperdix - Madagascar Partridge, endemic to Madagascar.
Black Wood-partridge, Melanoperdix nigra

Genus Xenoperdix - Udzungwa Partridge, single species that was first described in the early 1990s in Tanzania.
Rubeho Forest Partridge, Xenoperdix obscuratus
Udzungwa Forest Partridge, Xenoperdix udzungwensis

Genus Arborophila - Hill-Partridges, 21 species found in the forests of Asia.
Hill Partridge, Arborophila torqueola
Sichuan Partridge, Arborophila rufipectus
Chestnut-breasted Partridge, Arborophila mandellii
White-necklaced Partridge, Arborophila gingica
Rufous-throated Partridge, Arborophila rufogularis
White-cheeked Partridge, Arborophila atrogularis
Taiwan Partridge, Arborophila crudigularis
Hainan Partridge, Arborophila ardens
Chestnut-bellied Partridge, Arborophila javanica
Grey-breasted Partridge, Arborophila orientalis
Bar-backed Partridge, Arborophila brunneopectus
Orange-necked Partridge, Arborophila davidi
Chestnut-headed Partridge, Arborophila cambodiana
Siamese Hill-Partridge, Arborophila diversa
Malaysian Hill-Partridge, Arborophila campbelli)

Red-breasted Partridge, Arborophila hyperythra
Red-billed Partridge, Arborophila rubrirostris
Scaly-breasted Partridge, Arborophila chloropus
Chestnut-necklaced Partridge, Arborophila charltonii
Sumatran Partridge, Arborophila sumatrana
Vietnam Partridge, Arborophila merlini

Genus Caloperdix - native to southeast Asia.
Ferruginous Partridge, Caloperdix oculea

Genus Haematortyx - endemic to the forests of Borneo.
Crimson-headed Partridge, Haematortyx sanguiniceps

Genus Rollulus

Crested Partridge, Rollulus roulroul

Genus Ptilopachus - native to Africa
Stone Partridge, Ptilopachus petrosus

Genus Bambusicola
- Bamboo-Partridges, found in Asia
Mountain Bamboo Partridge, Bambusicola fytchii
Chinese Bamboo Partridge, Bambusicola thoracica

Genus Galloperdix - Spurfowl, found on the Indian subcontinent.Red Spurfowl (Galloperdix spadicea)
Painted Spurfowl (G. lunulata)
Sri Lanka Spurfowl (G. bicalcarata)

Collected from GBWF.org "Francolin & Partridge) in addition to generas found on Wikipedia.

Black Francolin, Francolinus francolinus
Photo © Dan Cowell

Following is collected from GBWF.org "Francolin & Partridge) in addition to generas above, found on Wikipedia.

Family: Phasianidae
Subfamily: Perdicinae

Genus Francolinus
(sensu stricto): - Asian Francolin
Black Francolin, Francolinus francolinus
Painted Francolin, Francolinus pictus
Chinese Francolin, Francolinus pintadeanus
Grey Francolin, Francolinus pondicerianus
Swamp Francolin, Francolinus gularis

Genus Peliperdix: - African Francolin
Coqui Francolin, Peliperdix coqui
White-throated Francolin, Peliperdix albogularis
Schlegel's Francolin, Peliperdix schlegelii
Latham's Francolin, Peliperdix lathami

Genus Dendroperdix:
Crested Francolin, Dendroperdix sephaena

Genus Scleroptila: - African Francolin
Ring-necked Francolin, Scleroptila streptophorus
Finsch's Francolin, Scleroptila finschi
Red-winged Francolin, Scleroptila levaillantii
Grey-winged Francolin, Scleroptila africanus
Moorland Francolin, Scleroptila psilolaemus
Shelley's Francolin, Scleroptila shelleyi
Orange River Francolin, Scleroptila levaillantoides

Genus Pternistis - Spurfowl - African Francolin
Scaly Francolin, Pternistis squamatus
Ahanta Francolin, Pternistis ahantensis
Grey-striped Francolin, Pternistis griseostriatus
Hartlaub's Francolin, Pternistis hartlaubi
Double-spurred Francolin, Pternistis bicalcaratus
Heuglin's Francolin, Pternistis icterorhynchus
Clapperton's Francolin, Pternistis clappertoni
Harwood's Francolin, Pternistis harwoodi
Hildebrandt's Francolin, Pternistis hildebrandti
Jackson's Francolin, Pternistis jacksoni
Handsome Francolin, Pternistis nobilis
Mount Cameroon Francolin, Pternistis camerunensis
Swierstra's Francolin, Pternistis swierstrai
Chestnut-naped Francolin, Pternistis castaneicollis
Erckel's Francolin, Pternistis erckelii
Djibouti Francolin, Pternistis ochropectus
Red-billed Spurfowl, Pternistis adspersus
Cape Spurfowl, Pternistis capensis
Natal Spurfowl, Pternistis natalensis
Yellow-necked Spurfowl, Pternistis leucoscepus
Grey-breasted Spurfowl, Pternistis rufopictus
Red-necked Spurfowl, Pternistis afer
Swainson's Spurfowl, Pternistis swainsonii

Collected from GBWF.org "Francolin & Partridge) in addition
to generas found on Wikipedia.

Until the early 1990s, major authorities placed all francolins in the genus Francolinus. In 1992 it was suggested that this
treatment was problematic, and the francolins should be split into four genera: Francolinus for the Asian species,
and the African species divided into Peliperdix, Scleroptila and Pternistis.

The Crested Francolin and Nahan's Francolin were considered possibly quite distinct, but still maintained in Peliperdix
and Pternistis respectively. Based on further evidence, the Crested Francolin was moved to the monotypic genus Dendroperdix in 1998, and the Nahan's Francolin was moved to Ptilopachus in 2006. Though some still maintain all
these in Francolinus, the split into multiple genera is becoming more widespread. When split, the English name "francolin"
is generally restricted to the members of the genera Francolinus, Peliperdix, Dendroperdix and Scleroptila,
while the name "spurfowl" is used for Pternistis ("spurfowl" is also used for Galloperdix of the Indian subcontinent).
As the Nahan's "Francolin" is related to the Stone Partridge rather than the true francolins and spurfowl, its name is
sometimes modified to Nahan's Partridge.

In addition to the major changes proposed at genus level, the species level taxonomy among several francolins/spurfowl is
disputed. For example, the distribution of the Orange River Francolin (F. (S.) levaillantoides) is highly disjunct, leading
some authorities to split the northern taxa (from Kenya and northwards) into a separate species, the Acacia/Archer's
Francolin (F. (S.) gutturalis, with subspecies lorti), while maintaining the southern taxa (from Angola and southwards)
in the Orange River Francolin. Most authorities treat the Elgon Francolin (F. (S.) psilolaema elgonensis) as a subspecies
of the Moorland Francolin, but others have suggested it is a species (F. (S.) elgonensis), a subspecies of the Shelley's Francolin, or even a hybrid between the Moorland and Red-winged Francolins.

Don't forget to go to http://www.gbwf.org/ for lots of more info on Pheasants.

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