List Category & Criteria: CR B1ab(i,ii,iii,v) ver 3.1
2004, Assessor/s: BirdLife International
Evaluator/s: Capper, D., Wege, D. & Pople, R. (BirdLife
International Red List Authority)
Justification: This species qualifies as Critically Endangered
as it is currently known from just two locations within an
extremely small, severely fragmented range, which is declining
in response to rapid habitat loss.
History: 1988 - Threatened (Collar and Andrew 1988)
1994 - Endangered (Collar, Crosby and Stattersfield 1994)
2000 - Critically Endangered (BirdLife International 2000)
©IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN
Red List of Threatened Species. <www.iucnredlist.org>.
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at present there is believed to be from 50 to 249 birds alive,
Gerais Tyrannulet, Phylloscartes roquettei, Pirapora, Minas
Gerais, Brazil, February 2002
Gerais Tyrannulet is a Brazilian endemic and is classified as Critically
Endangered in "Threatened Birds of the World"
Foto: Cachoeira das Andorinhas,
Pirapora, Minas Gerais,
(GNU Free Documentation License)
This species was only discovered in 1926 on the banks of the rio
São Francisco near
Januária in Minas Gerais but, apart from a sighting in 1977,
it has not been seen again at the original site.
In 1993 it was found at a site near Pirapora about 200 km south
but still on the rio São Francisco.
We found 3 birds that spent most of their time about 25 metres up
in the canopy of a small
group of trees on the banks of a stream called the Corrego dos Ovos.
On one occasion a bird dropped down to within a few metres of us
did not show well enough for a decent photo.
Another pair of birds was seen a few hundred metres away but it
seems to be very scarce indeed.