Gråtrost, Turdus pilaris
Slottsskogen, central Gothenburg, Sweden
Photo: Martin Olsson, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Fieldfare_aka_Turdus_pilaris.jpg
|The Fieldfare, Turdus pilaris, is a member of
the thrush family Turdidae. It breeds in woodland and
northern Europe and Asia. It is strongly migratory,
with many northern birds moving south during the winter.
It is a very rare breeder in Great Britain and Ireland, but
winters in large numbers in these countries.
It nests in trees, laying several eggs in a neat nest. Unusually
for a thrush, they often nest in small colonies,
possibly for protection from large crows. Migrating
birds and wintering birds often form large flocks,
often with Redwings.
Photo taken in Rumia, Poland by Adam Kumiszcza
|It is omnivorous, eating a wide range of insects and earthworms
in summer, and berries in winter.
The Fieldfare is 22-27 cm long, with a plain brown back, white
underwings, and grey rump and rear head.
The breast has a reddish wash, and the rest of the underparts
are White. The breast and flanks are heavily spotted.
The sexes are similar.
The male has a simple chattering song, and a chattering flight
and alarm call.
The Fieldfare has a large population, including an estimated
28 to 48 million individuals in Europe alone.
Photo: Andreas Trepte, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Fieldfare_4.jpg
Thrush, Duetrost, Turdus viscivorus
Thrush in Great Britain
Photo: Neil Phillips, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Turdus_viscivorus_1.jpg
Viscum album, fruit, Poland, Wroclaw
|The Mistle Thrush, Turdus viscivorus, is a member of the thrush
It is found in open woods and cultivated land over all of Europe
and much of Asia. Many northern birds move
south during the winter, with
migrating birds sometimes forming small flocks.
|This species was first described by Linnaeus in his Systema
naturae in 1758 under its current scientific name.
The English name refers to its mistletoe eating, as does
the scientific name, which is derived from the Latin
words Turdus, "thrush", and viscivorus meaning "mistletoe
Thrush, Turdus viscivorus, Scotland
|The Mistle Thrush averages about 27 cm long,
larger than the similar Song Thrush. The sexes are similar,
plain greyish brown backs and neatly round-spotted underparts.
Breast has much less buff than the Song Thrush.
The male sings its loud melodious song from a tree, rooftop
or other elevated perch, often during bad weather
or at night, and starting relatively early in the spring
hence the Mistle Thrush's old name of "Stormcock".
The song is like a harder and simpler version of the Blackbird's.
The alarm call is said to sound like a football
rattle (a form of musical ratchet) or machine gun.
Rødvingetrost, Turdus iliacus
|It is superficially similar to Song Thrush, Turdus
philomelos, but is larger and greyer with round rather than
arrow-head spots on the breast. It tends to stand more upright
and, in flight, it shows white on the edges of the tail and
under the wings.
It is omnivorous, eating insects, worms and berries. A Mistle
Thrush will defend a berry-bearing tree against
other thrushes in winter. Mistletoe berries are amongst
They nest in trees, laying several eggs in a neat cup-shaped
nest lined with grass.
Redwing (Turdus iliacus)
|The Redwing breeds in northern Europe and into Siberia. It
and winters mainly in western and southern Europe. It moves
south in October and November and tends to return to Scandinavia
and Russia around April.
Its breeding area and migration
habits are very similar to Fieldfare,
|It breeds in birch and mixed woodland often near water. In
winter it is found in woodland, fields and gardens
and is attracted by autumn berries and fruits.
It is a relatively small thrush with a whitish supercilium and
Underparts are heavily spotted but its most noticeable characteristic
are its rusty-red flanks and axillaries.
Video credits © BBC Natural History Unit Audio credits
© The British Library Sound Archive Natural FX