Our Beautiful World

Thrushes, Turdus......


Rufous-bellied Thrush, Turdus rufiventris



Family: Turdidae

Thrushes are plump, soft-plumaged, small to medium-sized birds, inhabiting wooded areas, and often feed on the
ground or eat small fruit. The smallest thrush may be the Forest Rock-thrush, at 21 g and 14.5 cm . However, the shortwings, which have ambiguous alliances with both thrushes and Old World flycatchers, can be even smaller.
The Lesser Shortwing averages 12 cm . The largest thrush is Blue Whistling-thrush, at 178 g and 33 cm.
The Great Thrush is similar in length but less heavily built.
Most species are grey or brown in colour, often with speckled underparts.

They are insectivorous, but most species also eat worms, land snails, and fruit. Many species are permanently
resident in warm climes, while others migrate to higher latitudes during summer, often over considerable distances.

Thrushes build cup-shaped nests, sometimes lining them with mud. They lay two to five speckled eggs, sometimes
laying two or more clutches per year. Both parents help in raising the young.

The songs of some species, including members of the genera Catharus, Myadestes, and Turdus, are considered to be among the most beautiful in the avian world.

Engelsk Norsk Latinsk
   
White-necked Thrush Dryadetrost Turdus albicollis
   Rufous-flanked Thrush        Turdus albicollis albicollis
   Grey-flanked Thrush   Turdus albicollis phaeopygos
White-collared Blackbird Hvitkragetrost Turdus albocinctus
Creamy-bellied Thrush Tøyletrost Turdus amaurochalinus
White-throated Thrush Mestistrost Turdus assimilis
   Dagua Thrush   Turdus assimilis daguae
White-chinned Thrush Hvithaketrost Turdus aurantius
Comoro Thrush Komortrost Turdus bewsheri
Gray-winged Blackbird Gråvingetrost Turdus boulboul
Japanese Thrush Hjertetrost Turdus cardis
Izu Thrush Izutrost Turdus celaenops
Chiguanco Thrush Chiguancotrost Turdus chiguanco
Brown-headed Thrush Brunhodetrost Turdus chrysolaus
Black-breasted Thrush Svartbrysttrost Turdus dissimilis
Austral Thrush Umbratrost Turdus falcklandii
Gray-sided Thrush Mingtrost Turdus feae
Chestnut-bellied Thrush Oransjebuktrost Turdus fulviventris
Cocoa Thrush Røyktrost Turdus fumigatus
Great Thrush Stortrost Turdus fuscater
Clay-coloured Robin Leirtrost Turdus grayi
Unicoloured Thrush Terrakottatrost Turdus haplochrous
Hauxwell's Thrush Amazontrost Turdus hauxwelli
Gray-backed Thrush Gråryggtrost Turdus hortulorum
Black-billed Thrush Svartnebbtrost Turdus ignobilis
Redwing Rødvingetrost Turdus iliacus
Black Robin Kulltrost Turdus infuscatus
White-eyed Thrush Hvitøyetrost Turdus jamaicensis
White-backed Thrush Rododendrontrost Turdus kessleri
Lawrence's Thrush Sumptrost Turdus lawrencii
Pale-breasted Thrush Blekbrysttrost Turdus leucomelas
Kurrichane Thrush Rødflanketrost Turdus libonyanus
Ecuadorian Thrush Ecuadortrost Turdus maculirostris
Maranon Thrush Maranontrost Turdus maranonicus
Yemen Thrush Asirtrost Turdus menachensis
Eurasian Blackbird / Common Blackbird Svarttrost Turdus merula
    Indian Blackbird   Turdus merula simillimus
   Tibetan Blackbird   Turdus merula maximus
   Chinese Blackbird   Turdus merula mandarinus
American Robin Vandretrost Turdus migratorius
Chinese Thrush Kinatrost Turdus mupinensis
Dusky Thrush Bruntrost Turdus naumanni
   Dusky Thrush Svartflekktrost Turdus naumanni eunomus
   Naumann's Thrush Rødflekktrost Turdus naumanni naumanni
Sooty Robin Sottrost Turdus nigrescens
Andean Slaty-Thrush Andesskifertrost Turdus nigriceps
Bare-eyed Thrush Arawaktrost Turdus nudigenis
Eyebrowed Thrush Gråstrupetrost Turdus obscurus
Pale-vented Thrush Blekgumptrost Turdus obsoletus
Olivaceous Thrush Oliventrost Turdus olivaceofuscus
Olive Thrush Auroratrost Turdus olivaceus
   Abyssinian Thrush,          Turdus olivaceus abyssinicus
   Usambara Thrush,   Turdus olivaceus/abyssinicus roehli
   Karoo Thrush,   Turdus olivaceus smithi
Black-hooded Thrush Svartkuttetrost Turdus olivater
    Cauca Black-hooded extinct (late 20th century?) Turdus olivater caucae
Pale Thrush Blektrost Turdus pallidus
African Thrush Landsbytrost Turdus pelios
Song Thrush Måltrost Turdus philomelos
Fieldfare Gråtrost Turdus pilaris
Mountain Robin Plebeiertrost Turdus plebejus
Red-legged Thrush Rødleggtrost Turdus plumbeus
Island Thrush Øytrost Turdus poliocephalus
   Christmas Island Thrush   Turdus poliocephalus erythropleurus
   Norfolk Island Thrush - extinct (c.1975) Turdus poliocephalus poliocephalus
   Maré Island Thrush - extinct (early 20th century) Turdus poliocephalus mareensis
   Lord Howe Island Thrush - extinct (1920s) Turdus poliocephalus vinitinctus
   Lifou Island Thrush - extinct (early 20th century?) Turdus poliocephalus pritzbueri
Grand Cayman Thrush Caymantrost Turdus ravidus
Plumbeous-backed Thrush Blytrost Turdus reevei
Chestnut Thrush Kastanjetrost Turdus rubrocanus
Dark-throated Thrush Taigatrost Turdus ruficollis
Svartstrupetrost Turdus ruficollis atrogularis
Rødstrupetrost Turdus ruficollis ruficollis
Rufous-collared Robin Rødkragetrost Turdus rufitorques
Rufous-bellied Thrush Rustbuktrost Turdus rufiventris
Rufous-backed Robin Rusttrost Turdus rufopalliatus
Glossy-black Thrush Bektrost Turdus serranus
Eastern Slaty-Thrush Brasilskifertrost Turdus subalaris
La Selle Thrush Hispaniolatrost Turdus swalesi
African Bare-eyed Thrush Brilletrost Turdus tephronotus
Ring Ouzel Ringtrost Turdus torquatus
Tickell’s Thrush Himalayatrost Turdus unicolor
Mistle Thrush Duetrost Turdus viscivorus


Genus Turdus: true thrushes (some 65 species, 1 recently extinct)
Common Blackbird, Turdus merula
    Indian Blackbird, Turdus merula simillimus
    Tibetan Blackbird, Turdus merula maximus
    Chinese Blackbird, Turdus merula mandarinus

Yemen Thrush, Turdus menachensis
Olive Thrush, Turdus olivaceus
    Abyssinian Thrush, Turdus olivaceus abyssinicus
    Usambara Thrush, Turdus olivaceus/abyssinicus roehli
    Karoo Thrush, Turdus olivaceus smithi

Taita Thrush, Turdus helleri - formerly in Turdus olivaceus
Somali Thrush or Somali Blackbird, Turdus ludoviciae - formerly in Turdus olivaceus
Olivaceous Thrush, Turdus olivaceofuscus
Comoro Thrush, Turdus bewsheri
Kurrichane Thrush, Turdus libonyanus
African Thrush, Turdus pelios
African Bare-eyed Thrush, Turdus tephronotus
Grey-backed Thrush, Turdus hortulorum
Tickell's Thrush, Turdus unicolor
Black-breasted Thrush, Turdus dissimilis
Japanese Thrush, Turdus cardis
White-collared Blackbird, Turdus albocinctus
Ring Ouzel, Turdus torquatus
Grey-winged Blackbird, Turdus boulboul
Island Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus
   Christmas Island Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus erythropleurus - common Christmas Island endemic subspecies
   Norfolk Island Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus poliocephalus - extinct (c.1975)
   Maré Island Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus mareensis - extinct (early 20th century)
   Lord Howe Island Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus vinitinctus - extinct (1920s)
   Lifou Island Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus pritzbueri - possibly extinct (early 20th century?)

Chestnut Thrush, Turdus rubrocanus
White-backed Thrush, Turdus kessleri
Grey-sided Thrush, Turdus feae
Eyebrowed Thrush, Turdus obscurus
Pale Thrush, Turdus pallidus
Brown-headed Thrush, Turdus chrysolaus
Izu Thrush, Turdus celaenops
Dark-throated Thrush, Turdus ruficollis,
   Black-throated Thrush, Turdus (atrogularis) atrogularis
   Red-throated Thrush, Turdus (atrogularis) ruficollis

Dusky Thrush, Turdus naumanni
   Naumann's Thrush, Turdus (naumanni) naumanni
   Dusky Thrush, Turdus (naumanni) eunomus,
No: Bruntrost
Fieldfare, Turdus pilaris
Redwing (Turdus iliacus) in Iceland Redwing, Turdus iliacus, No: Rødvingetros
Song Thrush, Turdus philomelos
Chinese Thrush, Turdus mupinensis
Mistle Thrush, Turdus viscivorus
Red-legged Thrush, Turdus plumbeus
Grand Cayman Thrush, Turdus ravidus - extinct (1940s)
Chiguanco Thrush, Turdus chiguanco
Sooty Thrush, Turdus nigrescens
Great Thrush, Turdus fuscater
Black Thrush, Turdus infuscatus
Glossy-black Thrush, Turdus serranus
Andean Slaty Thrush, Turdus nigriceps
Eastern Slaty Thrush, Turdus subalaris
Black-hooded Thrush, Turdus olivater
    Cauca Black-hooded Thrush, Turdus olivater caucae - possibly extinct (late 20th century?)
Plumbeous-backed Thrush, Turdus reevei
Marañón Thrush, Turdus maranonicus
Chestnut-bellied Thrush, Turdus fulviventris
Rufous-bellied Thrush, Turdus rufiventris
Austral Thrush, Turdus falcklandii
Pale-breasted Thrush, Turdus leucomelas
Creamy-bellied Thrush, Turdus amaurochalinus
Mountain Thrush, Turdus plebejus
Black-billed Thrush, Turdus ignobilis
Lawrence's Thrush, Turdus lawrencii
Cocoa Thrush, Turdus fumigatus
Pale-vented Thrush, Turdus obsoletus
Hauxwell's Thrush, Turdus hauxwelli
Clay-colored Thrush, Turdus grayi
Bare-eyed Thrush, Turdus nudigenis
Ecuadorian Thrush, Turdus maculirostris
Unicolored Thrush, Turdus haplochrous
Várzea Thrush, Turdus sanchezorum
White-eyed Thrush, Turdus jamaicensis
White-throated Thrush, Turdus assimilis
   Dagua Thrush, Turdus assimilis daguae
White-necked Thrush, Turdus albicollis
Rufous-flanked Thrush Turdus (albicollis) albicollis
   Grey-flanked Thrush Turdus (albicollis) phaeopygos

Rufous-backed Robin, Turdus rufopalliatus
Rufous-collared Robin, Turdus rufitorques
American Robin, Turdus migratorius
La Selle Thrush, Turdus swalesi
White-chinned Thrush, Turdus aurantius

Genus Platycichla: (2 species) - part of a South American group within Turdus
Genus Nesocichla: Tristan Thrush or Starchy - part of a South American group within Turdus
Genus Cichlherminia: Forest Thrush - genus paraphyletic with Turdus
Genus Psophocichla: Groundscraper Thrush
Genus Zoothera: Asian thrushes (some 22 species, 1 recently extinct)
Genus Catharus: typical American thrushes and nightingale-thrushes (12 species)
Genus Hylocichla: Wood Thrush
Genus Ridgwayia: Aztec Thrush - related to Hylocichla
Genus Ixoreus: Varied Thrush - related to other New World genera
Genus Geomalia: Geomalia
Genus Cataponera: Sulawesi Thrush
Genus Sialia: bluebirds (3 species)
Genus Grandala: related to Sialia
Genus Cichlopsis: Rufous-brown Solitaire - related to Catharus
Genus Entomodestes: solitaires (2 species) - related to Catharus
Genus Myadestes: solitaires (10-11 living species, 2-3 recently extinct) (includes formerly genus Phaeornis)
Genus Neocossyphus: flycatcher thrushes and "ant-thrushes" (4 species) - related to Myadestes
Genus Cochoa: cochoas (4 species)
Genus Chlamydochaera:
Fruit-hunter - related to Cochoa
Genus Heteroxenicus: Gould's Shortwing

List of norwegian names: Source: Norsk Ornitologisk Forening



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ANIMALS

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BIRDS

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FLOWERS

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