Our Beautiful World

North American Animals, Page 4 of 5


Red Squirrel, Tamiasciurus hudsonicus, at BLM Campbell Tract, Anchorage, Alaska
Photo: Dewhurst, Donna

On this page:

California sea lion, Zalophus californianus
Steller's Sea Lion, Eumetopias jubatus
Sea Otter, Enhydra lutris
Virginia Big-Eared Bats, Corynorhinus townsendii
Singing Vole, Microtus miurus
Virginia Northern Flying Squirrel, Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus
Washington ground squirrel, Urocitellus washingtoni
California ground squirrel, Spermophilus beecheyi
Short-tailed Weasel, Mustela ermina
Walrus, Odobenus rosmarus


If you forgot page one or two or three, you may click here.

Lets start this page with some of the larger mammals, and then smaller ones.


California sea lion, Zalophus californianus


Sea Lion Group at Haulout, Alaska
Photo Sarvis, John

Sea lions are pinnipeds characterized by external ear flaps, long foreflippers, the ability to walk on all fours, and short,
thick hair. Together with the fur seals, they comprise the family Otariidae, or eared seals. There are six extant in five genera.
Their range extends from the subarctic to tropical waters of the global ocean in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres,
with the notable exception of the northern Atlantic Ocean. They have an average life span of 20–30 years.

A male California Sea Lion weighs on an average about 300 kg and is about 2.50m long, while the female sea lion weighs
100 kg and is 1,70m long. The largest sea lion is the Steller's sea lion which can weigh 1000 kg and grow to a length of
nearly 3 m. . Sea lions consume large quantities of food at a time and are known to eat about 5-8% of their body weight
(about 5 to 12 kg) at a single feeding.


Sea Lions

The California sea lion, Zalophus californianus, is a coastal sea lion of western North America. Their numbers are abundant
(188,000 U.S. stock, 1995 estimate), and the population continues to expand about 5% annually. They are quite intelligent
and can adapt to man-made environments. Because of this, California sea lions are commonly found in public displays in
zoos and marine parks and trained by the US Navy for certain military operations. This is the classic circus "seal", though
it is not a true seal.

ARKive video - California sea lion - overview
California sea lion - overview
BBC Natural History Unit, Master Tracks
www.arkive.org

Males grow a large crest of bone on the top of their heads as they reach sexual maturity, and this gives the animal its generic
name (loph is "forehead" and za- is an emphatic; Zalophus californianus means "Californian big-head"). They also have
manes, although they are not as well developed as the manes of adult male South American or Steller sea lions.
Females are lighter in color than the males, and pups are born dark, but lighten when they are several months old.
When it is dry, the skin is a purple color. A sea lion's average lifespan is 17 years in the wild, and longer in captivity.
By sealing their noses shut, they are able to stay underwater for up to 15 minutes.


Sea Lions at Haulout, Alaska

California sea lions prefer to breed on sandy beaches. They usually stay no more than 18 km out to sea. On warm days,
they stay close to the water's edge. At night or on cool days, the sea lions will move inland or up coastal slopes.
Outside of the breeding season, they will often gather at marinas and wharves, and may even be seen on navigational buoys.
Sea lions living around islands are less vulnerable to predation than coastal ones. The sea lion's major predators are
killer whales and white sharks.

California sea lions can also live in fresh water for periods of time. They feed on Pacific salmon in front of Bonneville Dam,
250 km from the Pacific Ocean. Historically, sea lions hunted salmon in the Columbia River as far as The Dalles and Celilo
Falls, 320 km from the sea, as remarked upon by people such as George Simpson in 1841. In 2004, a healthy sea lion was
found sitting on a road in Merced County, California, almost a 160 km upstream from San Francisco Bay and half a mile
from the San Joaquin River.

ARKive video - California sea lions
California sea lions
Discovery Communications, Inc, BBC Natural History Unit,
www.arkive.org

California sea lions feed on a wide variety of seafood, mainly squid and fish, and sometimes even clams. Commonly eaten
fish and squid species include salmon, hake, Pacific whiting, anchovies, herring, schooling fish, rock fish, lampreys, dog fish,
and market squid. They feed mostly around the edge of the continental shelf sea mounts, the open ocean and the ocean
bottom. Average annual food consumption of males in zoos increases with age to stabilize at approximately 4,000 kg/year
by the age of 10 years. Females showed a rapid increase in average annual food consumption until they were three years old.
Thereafter, females housed outdoors averaged 1,800 kg/year.


Text about the California Sea Lion: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_sea_lion



Steller's Sea Lion, Eumetopias jubatus


Steller's Sea Lions, Aiugunak Pinnacles, Alaska Peninsula 1980
Photo Bailey, Ed, Contributors AMNWR

The Steller sea lion, Eumetopias jubatus, also known as the northern sea lion, is a threatened species of sea lion in the
northern Pacific. It is the sole member of the genus Eumetopias and the largest of the eared seals, Otariidae.
Among pinnipeds, it is inferior in size only to the walrus and the two elephant seals. The species is named for the naturalist
Georg Wilhelm Steller, who first described them in 1741. The Steller sea lion has attracted considerable attention in
recent decades due to significant, unexplained declines in their numbers over a large portion of their range in Alaska.


Amak Island, Steller's Sea Lion haul out
Photo: Bell, Kevin Contributors AMNWR

Adult animals are lighter in color than most sea lions, ranging from pale yellow to tawny and occasionally reddish.
Steller sea lion pups are born almost black, weighing around 23 kg, and remain dark for several months. Females and males
both grow rapidly until the fifth year, after which female growth slows considerably. Adult females measure 2.3–2.9 m
in length, with an average of 2.5 m, and weigh 240–350 kg , with an average of 265 kg. Males continue to grow until their
secondary sexual traits appear in their fifth to eighth year. Males are slightly longer than the females; they grow to about
2.80–3.25 m long, with an average of 3 m. Males have much wider chests, necks and general forebody structure and weigh
450–1,120 kg, with an average of 545 kg. Males are further distinguished from females by broader, higher foreheads,
flatter snouts, and darker, slightly tuftier hair around their large necks, giving them a maned appearance. Indeed, their Latin
name translates roughly as: "maned one with the broad forehead".

Stellar sea lions, Eumetopias jubatus, on Buldir Island, Alaska
Photo: Lauber, Lon E.

The range of the Steller sea lion extends from the Kuril Islands and the Sea of Okhotsk in Russia to the Gulf of Alaska in
the north, and south to Año Nuevo Island off central California. They formerly bred as far south as the Channel Islands,
but have not been observed there since the 1980s. Based on genetic analyses and local migration patterns, the global Steller
sea lion population has traditionally been divided into an eastern and western stock at 144° W longitude, roughly through the
middle of the Gulf of Alaska. Recent evidence suggests the sea lions in Russia in the Sea of Okhotsk and the Kuril Islands
comprise a third Asian stock, while the sea lions on the eastern seaboard of Kamchatka and the Commander Islands belong to the western stock.

In the summer, Steller sea lions tend to shift their range somewhat southward. Thus, though there are no reproductive
rookeries in Japan, there are several consistent haulouts around Hokkaido in the winter and spring.


Steller Sea Lion
Photo: Forsell, Doug

Steller sea lions are skilled and opportunistic marine predators feeding on a wide range of fish and cephalopod species.
Important diet components include walleye pollock, Atka mackerel, halibut, herring, capelin, flatfish, Pacific cod,, rockfish,
sculpins, and cephalopods. They seem to prefer schooling fish and remain primarily in between intertidal zones and
continental shelves. They are also known to enter estuarine environments and feed on some semifreshwater fish such as
sturgeon. Very occasionally, they have been known to prey on northern fur seals, harbor seals and sea otter pups.
They are near the top of the marine food chain, but are susceptible to predation by killer whales and white sharks.

Text about the Steller's Sea Lion: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steller_sea_lion



Sea Otter, Enhydra lutris


Threatened Southern Sea otter in water

The sea otter, Enhydra lutris, is a marine mammal native to the coasts of the northern and eastern North Pacific Ocean.
Adult sea otters typically weigh between 14 and 45 kg, making them the heaviest members of the weasel family, but among
the smallest marine mammals. Unlike most marine mammals, the sea otter's primary form of insulation is an exceptionally
thick coat of fur, the densest in the animal kingdom. Although it can walk on land, the sea otter lives mostly in the ocean.

The sea otter inhabits offshore environments where it dives to the sea floor to forage. It preys mostly upon marine
invertebrates such as sea urchins, various molluscs and crustaceans, and some species of fish. Its foraging and eating
habits are noteworthy in several respects. First, its use of rocks to dislodge prey and to open shells makes it one of the few
mammal species to use tools. In most of its range, it is a keystone species, controlling sea urchin populations which would
otherwise inflict extensive damage to kelp forest ecosystems. Its diet includes prey species that are also valued by humans
as food, leading to conflicts between sea otters and fisheries.


Group of sea otters, Enhydra lutris
Photo: Karney, Lee

Sea otters, whose numbers were once estimated at 150,000–300,000, were hunted extensively for their fur between 1741
and 1911, and the world population fell to 1,000–2,000 individuals in a fraction of their historic range.
A subsequent international ban on hunting, conservation efforts, and reintroduction programs into previously populated
areas have contributed to numbers rebounding, and the species now occupies about two-thirds of its former range.
The recovery of the sea otter is considered an important success in marine conservation, although populations in the
Aleutian Islands and California have recently declined or have plateaued at depressed levels. For these reasons the sea
otter remains classified as an endangered species.


Sea Otter
Photo: Menke, David

The sea otter is diurnal. It has a period of foraging and eating in the morning, starting about an hour before sunrise, then rests
or sleeps in mid-day. Foraging resumes for a few hours in the afternoon and subsides before sunset, and there may be a third
foraging period around midnight. Females with pups appear to be more inclined to feed at night. Observations of the amount
of time a sea otter must spend each day foraging range from 24 to 60%, apparently depending on the availability of food
in the area.

The sea otter spends much of its time grooming, which consists of cleaning the fur, untangling knots, removing loose fur, rubbing the fur to squeeze out water and introduce air, and blowing air into the fur. To an observer it appears as if the
animal is scratching, however sea otters are not known to have lice or other parasites in the fur. When eating, the sea otter
rolls in the water frequently, apparently to wash food scraps from its fur.

Text about the Sea Otter: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sea_otter

Now to some animal we don't normally see so often....



Virginia Big-Eared Bats, Corynorhinus townsendii


Virginia Big-Eared Bats, Corynorhinus townsendii
Photo: Hajenga, Jeff

The Townsend's Big-Eared Bat, or Virginia Big-Eared Bat, Corynorhinus townsendii, is a medium-sized bat with
extremely long, flexible ears (hence the name) and small yet noticeable lumps on each side of the snout. Its upperparts
are similar to dark brown on the back, and wood-brown on the sides. The underparts are a slightly paler shade of brown.
These bats can be identified by the nearly uniform color of their bodies. Its total length is around 10 cm, its tail being
around 5 cm. It's wingspan is about 28 cm. It weighs around 7–12 grams. While many other North American bat species
are being affected by White Nose Syndrome, as of February 2011 no bats of this species seem to be affected.
Researchers are further investigating.


Virginia Big-Eared Bats, Corynorhinus townsendii, in WV
Photo: Stihler, Craig

The Townsend Big-Eared Bat's diet may include small moths, flies, lacewings, dung beetles, sawflies, and other small insects.
One report states that the species feeds almost exclusively on Lepidoptera moths.

Corynorhinus townsendii can be found in the following countries: Canada, Mexico, and United States. This bat is often
distributed near rocky areas where caves or abandoned mine tunnels are available. They may also occasionally inhabit old
buildings.


Virginia Big-Eared Bats, Corynorhinus townsendii, in WV
Photo: Stihler, Craig

The average lifespan of a Townsend's Big-Eared Bat is 16 years.

During summer, males and females occupy separate roosting sites. Males live a solitary lifestyle away from females.
Females and their pups form maternity colonies which often number from around 12 to 200, although in the eastern
United States colonies of 1,000 or more have been formed.

During the winter these bats hibernate, often when temperatures are around 0°C and 11.5°C. Hibernation occurs in
tightly packed clusters, which could possibly help stabilize body temperature against the cold. Males often hibernate in
warmer places than females and are more easily aroused and active in winter than females. The bats are often interrupted
from their sleep because they tend to wake up frequently and move around in the cave or move from one cave entirely to
another. Before hibernation, Corynorhinus townsendii increase their body mass to compensate for the food they do
not eat during the winter.

Text about the Sea Otter: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sea_otter



Singing Vole, Microtus miurus


Singing Vole, Microtus miurus, Hall Island, Alaska
Photo: Morkill, Anne

A vole is a small rodent resembling a mouse but with a stouter body, a shorter hairy tail, a slightly rounder head, smaller
ears and eyes, and differently formed molars (high-crowned and with angular cusps instead of low-crowned and with
rounded cusps). There are approximately 155 species of voles. They are sometimes known as meadow mice or field
mice in North America. Vole species form the subfamily Arvicolinae with the lemmings and the muskrats.

The singing vole, Microtus miurus, is a medium-sized vole found in northwestern North America, including Alaska
and northwestern Canada.

Singing voles have short ears, often concealed by their long fur, and a short tail. The fur is soft and dense, especially in
winter. They vary in color from pale tawny to pale grey, with buff-colored patches running from the undersides of the
ears along the flanks to the rump, and buff or ochre underparts. The fur is lightly ticked with black guard hairs, but these
are so sparse that have little effect on the visible coloration of the animal. The fur is greyer in color during the winter.
The paws have sharp, narrow claws, which are largely hidden by fur.

Adult singing voles range from 9 to 16 centimetres in length, not counting the short, 1.5 to 4 centimetres, tail.
They can weigh anything from 11 to 60 grams, depending on their exact age and recent diet. There is no significant
difference in size or coloration between the two sexes. Male singing voles possess modified sebaceous glands on their
flanks, which are used in scent marking; these glands have also been noted in some lactating females.

Singing voles are native to Alaska and north-western Canada. They are found from the western coasts, across southern
and northern Alaska, but avoid the Alaska Peninsula, the central regions, and much of the northern coast.
In the east, they reach as far as the Mackenzie Mountains, being found throughout the Yukon, aside from the northern
coasts, and in border regions of the neighboring provinces.

Singing voles are found in tundra regions above the tree line. They avoid the most extreme environments within these
regions, preferring open, well-drained slopes and rock flats with abundant shrubs and sedges. They feed on arctic plants
such as lupines, knotweed, sedges, horsetails, and willows. Their main predators include wolverines, Arctic foxes, stoats,
skuas, hawks, and owls.

Text about the Singing Vole: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Singing_vole




Virginia Northern Flying Squirrel, Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus

Squirrels belong to a large family of small or medium-sized rodents called the Sciuridae. The family includes tree squirrels,
ground squirrels, chipmunks, marmots (including woodchucks), flying squirrels, and prairie dogs. Squirrels are indigenous
to the Americas, Eurasia, and Africa and have been introduced to Australia.

Squirrels cannot feed upon cellulose and must rely on foods rich in protein, carbohydrates, and fat. In temperate regions,
early spring is the hardest time of year for squirrels, because buried nuts begin to sprout and are no longer available for the
squirrel to eat, and new food sources have not become available yet. During these times squirrels rely heavily on the buds
of trees. Squirrels' diet consists primarily of a wide variety of plant food, including nuts, seeds, conifer cones, fruits, fungi
and green vegetation. However some squirrels also consume meat, especially when faced with hunger.Squirrels have been
known to eat insects, eggs, small birds, young snakes and smaller rodents. Indeed, some tropical species have shifted
almost entirely to a diet of insects.

The living squirrels are divided into five subfamilies, with about 58 genera and some 285 species.
We will only include 2 or 3 here......
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Squirrel


Virginia Northern Flying Squirrel, Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus
Photo: Master, Larry

The Northern flying squirrel, Glaucomys sabrinus is one of two species of the genus Glaucomys, the only flying squirrels
found in North America (the other is the somewhat smaller Southern flying squirrel, Glaucomys volans).
Unlike most members of their family, flying squirrels are strictly nocturnal. The Northern flying squirrel is found in
coniferous and mixed forests across the top of North America, from Alaska to Nova Scotia, south to North Carolina
and west to California. Populations from the Pacific Coast of the United States are genetically distinct from those of
Glaucomys sabrinus found elsewhere in North America, although they are considered to belong to the same species.
Two subspecies are found in the southern Appalachians, the Carolina Northern flying squirrel, Glaucomys sabrinus coloratus, and the Virginia Northern flying squirrel Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus, both of which are endangered,
although the Virginia subspecies has recovered enough that it was delisted in August 2008.
Source. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_flying_squirrel



Washington ground squirrel, Urocitellus washingtoni


The Washington ground squirrel is a candidate for the Endangered Species List.
USFWS

The Washington ground squirrel, Urocitellus washingtoni, is a squirrel found in the Pacific Northwest United States, in th
e states of Washington and Oregon. The species is listed as endangered in Oregon and is a candidate for endangered
species listing in the United States, but is not currently listed. The IUCN formerly listed the species as vulnerable, but
currently it is listed as near threatened.

The Washington ground squirrel lives in sagebrush or grassland habitats in the Columbia River Basin of Washington and
Oregon. Washington ground squirrels hibernate / estivate 7–8 months each year. Adults breed shortly after emergence
from hibernation in January or February and juveniles emerge from the natal burrow in March. Juveniles disperse away
from the natal burrow and settle into new areas. All Washington ground squirrels gain weight and prepare for hibernation in
late spring and early summer. Juveniles immerge for estivation in June or July, and adults begin estivating earlier, often in June.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington_ground_squirrel



California ground squirrel, Spermophilus beecheyi


California ground squirrel, Spermophilus beecheyi
Photo: Zahm, Gary R.

The California ground squirrel, Otospermophilus beecheyi, is a common and easily observed ground squirrel of the
western United States and the Baja California peninsula; it is common in Oregon and California and its range has relatively
recently extended into Washington and northwestern Nevada.

The squirrel's upper parts are mottled, the fur containing a mixture of gray, light brown and dusky hairs; the underside is
lighter, buff or grayish yellow. The fur around the eyes is whitish, while that around the ears is black. Head and body are
about 30 cm long and the tail an additional 15 cm. The tail is relatively bushy for a ground squirrel, and at a quick glance
the squirrel might be mistaken for a fox squirrel.

As is typical for ground squirrels, California ground squirrels live in burrows which they excavate themselves. Some burrows are occupied communally but each individual squirrel has its own entrance. Although they readily become tame
in areas used by humans, and quickly learn to take food left or offered by picnickers, they spend most of their time within
25 m of their burrow, and rarely go further than 50 m from it.

California ground squirrels are frequently preyed on by rattlesnakes. They are also preyed on by eagles, raccoons, foxes,
badgers, and weasels. Interdisciplinary research at the University of California, Davis, since the 1970s has shown that the
squirrels use a variety of techniques to reduce rattlesnake predation. Some populations of California ground squirrels have
varying levels of immunity to rattlesnake venom as adults. Female squirrels with pups also chew on the skins shed by
rattlesnakes and then lick themselves and their pups (who are never immune to venom before one month of age) to
disguise their scent.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_ground_squirrel



Short-tailed Weasel, Mustela ermina

Sorry, it has run away, but you will find it by clicking on the link above.

Now, how about some real big animals again?



Walrus, Odobenus rosmarus


Walrus
Photo: Irons, David

The walrus, Odobenus rosmarus, is a large flippered marine mammal with a discontinuous circumpolar distribution in the
Arctic Ocean and sub-Arctic seas of the Northern Hemisphere. The walrus is the only living species in the Odobenidae
family and Odobenus genus. It is subdivided into three subspecies: the Atlantic walrus, Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus
which lives in the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific walrus, Odobenus rosmarus divergens which lives in the Pacific Ocean,
and Odobenus rosmarus laptevi, which lives in the Laptev Sea, north of Siberia.


Walrus

The walrus is easily recognized by its prominent tusks, whiskers and great bulk. Adult Pacific males can weigh more than
1,700 kilograms, and, among pinnipeds, are exceeded in size only by the two species of elephant seals.
It resides primarily in shallow oceanic shelf habitat, spending a significant proportion of its life on sea ice in pursuit of its
preferred diet of benthic bivalve mollusks. It is a relatively long-lived, social animal and is considered a keystone species
in Arctic marine ecosystems.

The walrus has played a prominent role in the cultures of many indigenous Arctic peoples, who have hunted the walrus for
its meat, fat, skin, tusks and bone. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, the walrus was the object of heavy commercial
exploitation for blubber and ivory and its numbers declined rapidly. Its global population has since rebounded, though the
Atlantic and Laptev populations remain fragmented and at historically depressed levels.


Walrus on land at Togiak National Wildlife Refuge
Photo: Hickey, Bill

While some outsized Pacific males can weigh as much as 2,000 kg , most weigh between 800 and 1,680 kg.
The Atlantic subspecies weighs about 10–20% less than the Pacific subspecies. The Atlantic Walrus also tends to have
relatively shorter tusks and somewhat more flattened snout. Females weigh about two-thirds as much, with the Atlantic
females averaging 560 kg, sometimes weighing as little as 400 kg, and the Pacific female averaging 800 kg .
Length ranges from 2.2 to 3.6 m. It is the second largest pinniped, after the elephant seals.

The walrus' body shape shares features with both sea lions (eared seals: Otariidae) and seals (true seals: Phocidae).
As with otariids, it can turn its rear flippers forward and move on all fours; however, its swimming technique is more like
that of true seals, relying less on flippers and more on sinuous whole body movements.


Walrus, "Mother and daughter"
Photo: Joel Garlich-Miller

The most prominent feature of the walrus is its long tusks. These are elongated canines, which are present in both sexes and
can reach a length of 1 m and weigh up to 5.4 kg. Tusks are slightly longer and thicker among males, who use them for
fighting, dominance and display; the strongest males with the largest tusks typically dominate social groups.

Tusks are also used to form and maintain holes in the ice and aid the walrus in climbing out of water onto ice.
It was previously assumed that tusks were used to dig out prey from the seabed, but analyses of abrasion patterns on the
tusks indicate that they are dragged through the sediment while the upper edge of the snout is used for digging.
While the dentition of walruses is highly variable, they generally have relatively few teeth other than the tusks.


Pacific Walrus, Odobenus rosmarus, at Cape Peirce
Photo: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Pacific Walrus utilize beaches around Cape Peirce as haulout areas on which to rest between feeding forays. These beaches
are surrounded by sheer cliffs affording the walrus protection from predators.



Pacific Walrus Bull
Photo: Joel Garlich-Miller

Walruses live to about 20–30 years old in the wild. The males reach sexual maturity as early as 7 years, but do not typically
mate until fully developed around 15 years of age. They rut from January through April, decreasing their food intake
dramatically. The females begin ovulating as soon as 4–6 years old. The females are polyestrous, coming into heat in late
summer and also around February, yet the males are fertile only around February; the potential fertility of this second period
is unknown. Breeding occurs from January to March, peaking in February. Males aggregate in the water around ice-bound
groups of estrous females and engage in competitive vocal displays. The females join them and copulate in the water.



A pod of walrus hauled out on Round Island Beach in Alaska.

WARNING!

Round Island is a remote wilderness far from medical facilities. Weather can be
extreme and visitors are expected to be entirely self-sufficient. You must be in
good physical condition to get onto and around the island.

IF YOU ARE NOT COMFORTABLE WITH THESE CONDITIONS, PLEASE DO NOT
APPLY FOR A PERMIT


When surching for where Round Island were situated, we found this Warning on the page where we could
apply for permisson to land on the island. May be we are going to delay that for a while.....


Pacific Walrus surfacing through ice on the Alaska coast.
Photo: Joel Garlich-Miller

Each summer, thousands of seabirds also return to the islands to nest and raise their young. Nearly 250,000 seabirds nest
on Round Island. This includes 150,000 common murres, 70,000 black-legged kittiwakes, 1,250 pelagic cormorants,
parakeet auklets, horned and tufted puffins, pigeon guillemots, and glaucous-winged gulls. Approximately 135,000 more
seabirds nest on the Twins, and the other islands of the Sanctuary also support sizeable seabird colonies. Round Island is
also home to numerous passerine, raptor, duck, and shorebird species. Including seabirds, more than 100 bird species
have been observed within the Sanctuary
But that was not animals. Perhaps we will return later (much later) with a report on North American Birdlife.

Text about the Walrus: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walrus

That brings us to the end of page 4 of this North American Wildlife tour.
As per February 21st, 2012, the next 2 or more pages are not yet ready,
but you may try page five right now.

All pictures, if nothing else is mentioned, are taken from U.S.Fish & Wilflife Service,
National Digital Library at http://digitalmedia.fws.gov

They are all in public domain.


bukkm.gif
ANIMALS

over 250

birdm.jpg
BIRDS

over 500

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FLOWERS

over 225
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