There are 5 geographical regions in Kazakstan: : Western, Northern,
Central, Southern and Eastern.
But if Kazakhstan traveler had turned slightly off the ancient caravan
route and headed north, he would soon get a very
different impression of the land where nearly every type of landscape
that exists on our planet can be found. The poetic
heritage of Kazakhstan people contains captivating pictures of the
land with its broad expanses, the enormous bulks of
snowcapped mountains and the azure mirrors of lakes.
courtesy of Maxim Koshkin
Only about 40 to 50 kilometers from the huge snow-white peaks rising
in majestic succession, which look like the
pyramids of the Egyptian pharaohs magnified many times, begins the
boundless steppe, a pale yellow plain stretching to
the very horizon. That is where you find the Social
Lapwing bird at its breeding places at summer.
let's have a look into the 5 different parts of Kazakhstan.
are 4 provinces (oblasts) in West, one of them Aktobe, which are shown
on these pictures.
The greater part of Aktobe oblast is a raised plain broken by river
valleys. In the center of the region are Mugodzhar Hills,
and in the south the desert sands of Aral Kara-Kum and Large and Small
The climate of Aktobe region is continental, and precipitation
is low, particularly in the south. The river network of the
region is scanty. Main rivers of Aktobe oblast are Emba, Or and Ilek
(both tributaries of Ural river), and Irgiz,
which flows into Shalkarteniz salt marsh.
in Atyrau oblast
oblast is situated in southwestern Kazakhstan. Atyrau region is generally
flat with Ural as main river.
The mainly sandy terrain is interspersed with salt marshes as shown
in picture above.
in an oasis in Mangystau
Horses - you find them everywhere in Kazakhstan.
Photo: Gómanenko Roman,
Mangystau oblast is the land of ancient civilization, an archeological
open-air reserve. In 1,000 B.C. the land of Mangystau
was crossed by Great Silk way from Khorezm and Khiva to Europe and
Middle East. Along this way on plateau Ustyurt
there were fortresses, settlements of craftsmen, cattle-breeders and
if this is a dry place, the tulips are still flowering here
Photo: Kobdabayev Amangali Courtesy:
West Kazakhstan oblast, the last of four oblasts in the western region,
lies mainly in Caspian Depression in dry steppe
and semidesert zones. The capital city of the region is Uralsk
Kostanay oblast (other spellings are Qostanay, Qostanai, Kostanai,
Kustanai or Kus-tanai) is located in the northern
Kazakhstan, and is one of the two oblasts in this region. The capital
city of the region is Kostanay. Kostanay oblast
contains a portion of Turgay Lowland, which lies between the foothills
of Urals mountains and Kazakh Uplands and
connects West Siberian Plain in the north with Turgay Tableland in
from North Kazakhstan oblast
Photographer unknown, Courtesy:
North Kazakhstan oblast includes steppe land, wooded in the northwest
and the picturesque, hilly lake district in the south.
The highest point of North Kazakhstan oblast is Mount Sinyukha, 3,107
feet (947 m), near Borovoye (health resort).
North Kazakhstan oblast is located within forest steppe and steppe
zones. About 8% of the territory is covered with forests,
mostly birch-tree ones.
Different Akmola oblasts
Photographers: Utkin Mikhail, Dmitry
Sidorenko and Dmitry Sidorenko,
Akmola oblast (also spelled Akmolinskaya) is a region of Kazakhstan
that lies in the steppe zone in the northwest
Kazakh Upland and is drained by Ishim and Nura rivers.
In the southwest of Akmola oblast there are lakes
Tengiz and Kurgaldzhin. The terrain of Akmola region is mainly rolling
plain, with black earth and chestnut soils in the north and center
and saline brown soils in the extreme southwest and east.
Photo: Olga Galkina,
the second of the two oblasts in the Central region, or Karagandy
(Kazakh people spelling) oblast (region)
of Kazakhstan lies mostly in Kazakhstan Uplands in dry steppe zone,
rising gradually in elevation eastward to a maximum
in the Karkaraly Mountains of 5,115 feet (1,559 m).
The climate of Karaganda oblast is of sharp continental type: hot,
dry summers, severe winters with little snow but with
winds and snowstorms. There are over 200 large and small rivers in
the oblast. The main waterway in the oblast -
the river Nura crosses the oblast from east to west and flows into
one of the largest lakes in Central Kazakhstan -
Tengiz. In the south the largest lake in Kazakhstan - Balkhash - is
located. It is unique as water in its eastern part is salty,
in western part - its fresh.
Photo: Andrey Voskressensky,
East Kazakhstan oblast is the second in Kazakhstan Republic in milk
and eggs production, the third-fourth in meat production.
Cattle-breeding is developed as well as coarse- and fine-wool sheep-breeding,
wool goat-breeding, horse-
and pig-breeding, poultry-farming, antler reindeer-breeding and bee-keeping.
Photo: Konstantin Martalog,
The second oblast here in the East is Pavlodar region lands, which
consist mainly of flat steppe,
which turns into semi desert in the southwest
Most part of Pavlodar oblast is occupied with steppe plains. One of
the most beautiful places in Kazakhstan Republic -
Bayanaul - is located on the territory of the oblast. Mountainous
regions, pine tree forests, lakes Zhasybai, Toraigyr,
Sabyndykol are among main tourist sites. In the north of the oblast
there is the largest recreation area visited by tourists
from all over Kazakhstan and Russia.
Photo: Andrey Voskressensky, Courtesy:
Almaty oblast (also spelled Almatinskaya, Alma-Ata) is situated in
southeastern Kazakhstan. The capital of Almaty
oblast is Taldykorgan city. Almaty oblast origin of name: Kazakh for
grown with apple trees, formerly Alma-Ata from alma:
apple, ata: father.
just have to show two pictures from this oblast, to give a correct
impression of this beautiful oblast.
Photo: Aleksey Ananchev,
The whole southern area of Almaty region is highly seismic. In the
northern, plain part the climate is of sharp continental type,
cold winters (in January 9-10 degs C below zero), hot summers (in
July about 24 degs C above zero).
Annual precipitation varies from 5 inches (125mm) in the plain to
32 inches (813 mm) in the mountains.
else can live here but these camels?
Photo: Ruslan Hisamutdinov,
Kzyl-Orda oblast (also spelled Kyzylorda) is situated in southern
Kazakhstan. The region is located to the east of the
Aral Sea in the Low Syrdarya river, mainly within Turanskaya lowland
(50-200 m high).
Large part of Kzyl-Orda oblast is covered by Aral Karakum and Kyzylkum
deserts, making it one of the hottest and
most arid regions of Kazakhstan.
are a lot of salt lakes (Zhaksy-Kykysh, Kamyslybas, Arys and others),
they often turn dry by summertime; there is
curing mud in the lakes Kupek and Teresken. Considerable part of the
territory is occupied with sand almost without any plants.
Kazakhstan landscape with horses.
Photo: Mathias B., Courtesy:
The center of South Kazakhstan oblast lies along the middle reaches
of Syr Darya river. The north includes parts of
Muyun-Kum and Betpak-Dala deserts, and Kyzylkum Desert occupies the
southwest. Mountains are confined to the center
and the southeast, where peaks rise to 14,100 feet (4,300 m). The
climate of South Kazakhstan region is hot and dry.
and finally the last oblast of Kazakhstan:
- more horses....
Photo: Ilker Ata, Courtesy:
The southern part of Zhambyl region includes the northern slopes of
Kyrgyz and Karatau mountains and, in their foothills,
a narrow strip of fertile irrigated land.
In the center of Zhambyl oblast is the sandy Muyun-Kum
Desert, which is separated by Chu River from the clay desert
of Betpak-Dala in the northern sector of the region. Zhambyl oblast
has hot, dry summers and cold winters
feel we have given a fair picture of the nature of Kazakhstan, and
hope you agree that it is a beautiful country.
In such a diverse country, there ought to be a lot of wildlife, animals
and birds etc.
to part III - Fauna
to part I - The People