The Turrialba Volcano National Park (Parque Nacional Volcan Turrialba)
remains one of the least visited in the
entire country. The volcano
sits at 3,328 m along the southeast end of the Central Volcanic Corridor.
From the summit on a clear day, the picturesque view includes the Atlantic
coast to the east and other volcanoes such as Barva, Poas and Irazu.
Turrialba Volcano was declared a national park in 1955, and protects
an area of 4 kms diameter around the volcano.
road to the top of the volcano
(This picture might be copyrighted)
The beautiful volcano, covered in dense vegetation, looks out over approximately
3,900 acres (1,577 ha) of
mostly montane rain forest. A large portion of Turrialba Volcano National
Park is made up of primary and
secondary forest, which is where it is most common to view the smaller
wildlife scurrying around.
Toucan (also known as Sulfur-breasted Toucan and Rainbow-billed
at Macaw Mountain Bird Park, Copan Ruinas, Honduras
Photo: Adalberto Hernandez
This Keel-billed Toucan, Ramphastos sulfuratus,
from sea level to 1,200 m in forest,
tall second growth, and pastures that contain some mature trees.
The Keel-Billed lives between southern Mexico and northern
Colombia and northwestern Venezuela.
It is common on the Caribbean side of Costa Rica, but less
so on the Pacific side, and is rarer in the
northern Pacific region of the country, such as in Valle Central.
Choruses that sound like frogs may be sung while in their
flocks; individually, the toucan may croak or call in a wooden
or metallic tone, or sing a series of shrill chirps that resounds
like a cricket.
Male Keel-Billed Toucans reach 47 cm in length and 500 g;
females are smaller, at 44 cm and 380 g.
Hiking along the trails allows you to see the various lava flows that
give evidence to the once flowing rivers of
hot magma. Once on the various viewpoints along the well preserved trails
around the rim of the summit give
spectacular 360º views.
As in most other Central American countries, the fauna is something
unknown to europeans and others.
The Turrialba Volcano National Park was officially
closed in August 2009 when increased volcanic
activity caused the CNE to issue a yellow alert for visitors.
The volcano continued to emit gases and ash
throughout the final months of 2009, and the CNE and Costa Rican
Red Cross held several meetings to prepare residents for evacuations
in the town of Santa Cruz, located at the base of the volcano.
On Jan. 5, 2010, the Turrialba Volcano experienced
its largest eruption in more than 140 years, spewing
ash, rocks, gases and helium into the air and covering Santa
Cruz and surrounding communities in soot.
Forty residents were evacuated and moved into temporary shelters,
while ash from the eruption was
carried as far as the San José neighborhood of Desamparados,
about 40 kilometers away. Gases and
ash from the volcano covered nearby trees, turning them yellow
degassing and resultant burned vegetation around Turrialba's
as illustrated in this photograph from June 2005.
Courtesy Eliécer Duarte, OVISCORI-UNA.
The January 5 eruption was the biggest since 1866,
but it wasnt as dangerous or problematic.
The reason the ash was blown to San José was because
of strong winds, not because the eruption
was particularly strong.
The National Park was re-opened in July, 2011.
Hermit. Spanish name: Ermitano Colilargo, Gorrion
In wet lowland forests the Long-tailed Hermit, Phaethornis
, is active in the understory,
light gaps, forest edge, and old second growth. It commonly
lives at elevations as high as 1,000 m,
but above this elevation the Long-tailed is replaced by the
Green Hermit, which is similar in biology
and habitat choice.
The Long-tailed Hermit can be found between southern Mexico
and central Brazil.
From January to August it is most common in Caribbean lowlands
along the length of Costa Rica;
from May to September, it is more common in the southern Pacific
Hermit (Phaethornis superciliosus)
The Long-tailed Hermit inhabits forest undergrowth, usually
near water and its preferred food plants.
It is 13.5 cm long and weighs 4-6 g. The bill is very long
and decurved (3.6-4.3 cm), with a red tipped
black lower mandible, and the central feathers of the tapered
tail are long (6.3-6.8 cm) and white-tipped.
During the breeding season, male Long-tailed Hermits sing
in communal leks of up to several dozen
birds, and also wiggle their long tails in display. Competitive
lek singing can occupy half of the daylight
hours, the purpose of course being to attract females. The
female selects the best lek singer to mate with.
Howler Monkey. Spanish name: Congo
Howlers live in the canopies of lowland and montane forests.
The Mantled Howler Monkey, Alouatta Palliata
, lives up
to an elevation of 2,500 m from southern
Mexico to northwestern South America.
Adults are black with brown or blonde saddles; infants are silver
to golden brown and become
increasingly like adult coloration until they are about 12 weeks
The mantled howler is one of the largest Central American monkeys,
and males can weigh up to 9.8 kg
(22 lb). It is the one Central American monkey whose diet is
composed mostly of leaves.
The mantled howler lives in groups that can have over 40 members,
although groups are usually smaller.
© Leonardo C.
The infant is carried under its mother, clinging to its
mother's chest, for the first 2 or 3 weeks
of its life. After that, it is carried on its mother's
back. At about 3 months the mother
will usually start to push the infant off, but will still
carry the infant some of the time until it is 4
or 5 months old. After the young can move on its own,
the mother will carry it across
difficult gaps in the trees. Juveniles play among themselves
much of the time. Infants are
weaned at 1½ years old at which point maternal
Howlers are famous for the incredible vocalizations made by
adult males. Their howls can be heard
more than 1 km away through the forest. They often make calls
at sunrise and sunset or in response
to people, airplanes, rain and thunder, or other howlers.
Spanish name: Aguti, Picure
In Costa Rica, Agoutis, Dasyprocta punctata,
in relatively undisturbed forest from low
elevations up to 2,000 m. They can live in the driest deciduous
forests to the wettest tropical
Agoutis can be found between southern Mexico and northern Argentina.
Head and body length ranges from 41.5 to 62 cm; they weigh about
Central American agoutis are monogamous and mate with each other
American Agouti (Dasyprocta punctata), Manuel Antonio
Park, Costa Rica
Photo:D. Gordon E. Robertson
Agoutis are terrestrial and cursorial which means ground dwelling
and built for running with speed.
They walk, trot or gallop on their toes, and can jump up more
than six feet from a standing position.
They prefer tropical, terrestrial habitats. They also build
small caves around sources of water.
When their territory is challenged, males often get into fights.
They mainly feed on fruits, and on excursions they search
for fruit bearing trees . They are able to hear
fruit falling from trees from far away. When food is abundant
they bury the seeds of many species of
forest trees. Dasyprocta punctata also sometimes browsed and
ate crabs, vegetables and other plants
The Armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus,
can survive in many different types of habitat: cloud forest,
lowland tropical rainforest, dry deciduous forest, as well as
thorn scrub forest and grassland.
This armadillo's range stretches from central and southern United
States to Argentina.
The armor of this specific armadillo has nine bands on the midsection
of its back, hence its name.
This armor is made up of dermal bone plates covered with epidermal
scales. The long slim tail is
also covered in this armor, as is the top of the head. The armadillo
has small fine hairs between the
plates on the back, and more hair on the belly.
armadillos weigh 5.410.0 kg. Head and body length is 3858
cm, which combines
on it's hind legs on the Campus of Oklahoma Baptist
with the 1348 cm tail for a total length of 51110
cm. They stand 1525 cm tall.
The nine-banded armadillo has been rapidly expanding its range
both north and east within the
United States. The armadillo crossed the Rio Grande from Mexico
in the late 19th century, and
was introduced in Florida at about the same time by humans.
Nine-banded armadillos are solitary, largely nocturnal animals
that come out to forage around dusk.
They are extensive burrowers, with a single animal sometimes
maintaining up to 12 burrows on its
range. These burrows are roughly 20 cm wide, 2.1 m deep, and
7.6 m long!
Spanish Name: Pizote
Within its range, the Coati, Nasua narica
, can survive
in any wooded habitat at elevations of
up to 3,000 m. The coati lives in a range of forests, from temperate
oak and pine forests to
deciduous and lowland tropical rain forests. It is even sometimes
seen in deserts and savannas.
Its range is from Southwestern Arizona through Panama and Columbia
Adult males generally weigh 6 kg, and are 1.1 to 1.2 m long
with a tail 0.500 to 0.6 m long;
females are smaller.
side view of a White-nosed Coati (Nasua narica)
by Derek Ramsey
GNU Free Documentation License, version 1.2
Comfortable and agile in the tree tops as well as on the ground,
the coati uses large, strong claws to
access different levels of forest. Impressively acrobatic, it
can climb down trees headfirst, pass from
tree to tree on small branches high off the ground, and even
walk upside down hanging from lianas.
Its tail is not prehensile but helps balance during climbing.
Coatis sleep in trees at night, unless they
are hunted in their area by humans, in which case they become
Coati social structure changes throughout the year. Several
family units of females and their offspring
collect in bands of 4-30 coatis. Males under the age of two
years may also be in the band.
Adult males are solitary except during the breeding season,
when a single male will join a band of
females and occupy a subordinate position for the entire breeding
Most of the text on this page has
been made thanks to anywherecostarica.com,
where you can find much interesting stuff on this subject. Other parts
more or less from Wikipedia