The Kilpisjärvi region is the only
part of Finland extending into the Scandinavian mountain ridge.
A special feature of the area is that it constitutes a continental
Rocks containing limestone are abundant in the area.
Marked relative and absolute altitudinal differences as well
as the quality of soil,
make the vegetation of the area particularly distinctive.
Snow melts from the mountain birch forest zone in early June.
The lake usually throws off its coat of ice on about 20th
The growing season is one of the shortest in Europe (only
c. 100 days)
and the mean temperature of the year is -2.3ºC, one of
the lowest in continental Europe.
There are many areas containing calcareous dolomite in the
Scandinavian mountain ridge
which makes the vegetation of the nortwesternmost Finland
Mountain birch forests reach up to 600 metres.
The fauna of the northwesternmost Finland is poor but there
are many low-numbered
bird species here. The small-mammal population densities fluctuate
in 4 or 5-year intervals,
which has an impact on the nesting of birds of prey.
to the birds of Kilpisjärvi: Click
to the flora of Kilpisjärvi: Click