Gunung Egon volcano sits astride the narrow waist of easter Flores Island. It's exact position
is 8.67°S 122.45°E. The unvegetated summit has a 350 m wide, 200 m deep crater, which
sometimes contains a lake. Other small crater lakes occur on the flanks of the 1.703 m high
volcano. A lava dome forms the southern 1.671 m high summit. A column of "smoke!" is
often reported above the summit. Strong "smoke" emission in 1907 is considered to be the
only report of an historical eruption.
Wednesday, September 15th, 2004
The Sikka regency administration has been forced to close Waioty Airport in the town of
Maumere, East Nusa Tenggara, due to last week's eruption of Mount Egon.
The closure was announced on Monday and all domestic flights from Denpasar in Bali and
the East Nusa Tenggara capital of Kupang to Maumere have been halted for the time being.
All of the equipment and facilities of the airport have been covered by up to one centimeter
of volcanic ash. The health of passengers could have been affected by the ash and smoke
from the volcano.
Mount Egon has been belching out ash and smoke from its crater for more than a week now,
forcing some 2,000 villagers to evacuate their houses on the slope of the mountain.
Many of the 2,000 villagers who were evacuated to safer areas are reportedly suffering from
respiratory problems and skin irritations.
On Tuesday, the volcano spewed smoke up to 2,500 meters high, and ash from the explosion
covered areas as far away as 30 kilometers. Local disaster task force officials from the
Sikka administration have opened community kitchens to provide food for the refugees.
The administration was having trouble distributing aid to the refugees because of transportation
problems. The central government has been asked to to help renovate roads leading to the
From: The Jakarta Post/Kupang
Saturday, September 11th, 2004
The volcano discharged thousands of tons of rocks, sand and hot ash, reaching a height of
5,000 meters above the crater, far higher than a day earlier, when it spewed smoke some
3,000 meters. Egon began to erupt last Sunday, affecting thousands of hectares of cacao,
coffee, vanilla and clove plantations.
Friday, September 10th, 2004
Strong volcanic activity at Egon beginning on 3 September led authorities to raise the
Alert Level from 3 to 4 (on a scale of 1-4) on 4 September. The increase in volcanic activity
began on 27 August when plumes rose to ~300 m above the volcano and explosion
earthquakes were recorded. This activity prompted the authorities to raise the Alert Level
from 2 to 3. On 3 September an ash plume rose ~1 km above the summit and on
4 September an ash plume rose to ~3 km.
As a consequence, all those living in the villages of Baokrengit, Welimwatu, and Natakoli
were evacuated. On 6 September, an explosion produced a plume as high as 2.5 km above
the volcano that drifted SW. According to a report released by the United Nations Office for
the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), as of 6 September activity at Egon led to
the evacuation of 2,100 people. A total of 4,300 were expected to be evacuated.
Wednesday, September 1st, 2004
Seismologists and officials on Wednesday urged villagers to evacuate their homes near eastern
Indonesia's Mount Egon volcano after it spewed ash and dust on its slopes on Tuesday.
Several eruptions on Tuesday had sparked fears about the safety of about 2,000 people
living on the mountainside.
Several hundred villagers have been sheltering in government buildings in Maumere since
the mountain erupted in July.
July 29th, 2004
The Directorate of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation (DVGHM) has reported
to day that an eruption began at Egon on 25 July at 2240, consisting of loud rumbling sounds,
a strong sulfur scent, and explosions that rose to 1-1.5 km above the summit.
A thick, black plume drifted NNW from the volcano. Interpretations of seismic data
revealed that the eruption lasted about 2.5 hours.
According to the Darwin VAAC, a plume was visible on satellite imagery. DVGHM reported
that about 630 residents near Egon self evacuated from the villages of Egon, Nangatobong,
and Itoper. According to a news article, about 1,400 people evacuated.
At 1500 on 26 July seismographs recorded nearly continuous explosions produced
plumes to ~250 m above the volcano.
May 15th, 2004
We have received reports that in February more than
5,000 people were forced from their