Our Beautiful World

Hornito - (skorstein)



Hornito erupting from above lava tube within a few hundred meters of Pu`u `O`o vent
on the east rift zone of Kilauea Volcano.
Photograph by S.R. Brantley on 24 September 1999, USGS


A small rootless spatter cone that forms on the surface of a basaltic lava flow (usually pahoehoe) is called a hornito.
A hornito develops when lava is forced up through an opening in the cooled surface of a flow and then accumulates
around the opening. Typically, hornitos are steep sided and form conspicuous pinnacles or stacks.
They are "rootless" because they are fed by lava from the underlying flow instead of from a deeper magma conduit.


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ANIMALS

over 250

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BIRDS

over 500

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FLOWERS

over 225
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