Our Beautiful World
Hawai'i is one of the places where volcanism occurs away from a plate boundary.
This is because of two reasons. Firstly, Hawai'i is situated at a point where the crust
thins to about 5 km; secondly, beneath the Hawai'ian island is a rising plume known
as a hotspot. Although most textbooks theorize that these hotspots remain fixed in position, there is evidence that theHawai'ian hotspot has moved slightly.
Nonetheless, the theory still applies. The Pacific plate moves
over the hotspot, and as it does
Location 18.92 N 155.27 W
Elev. Below Sea Level 969 m
Loihi is Hawai'i's latest active submarine volcano,
and its most notable eruption was in 1996.
THE EVENTS OF 1996
The largest earthquake swarm ever recorded at ANY Hawai'ian volcano