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Visayan Tarictic Hornbill, Penelopides panini

French: Calao tarictic German: Visayan-Tariktikhornvogel Spanish: Cálao Chico de Panay
Other common names: Visayan Hornbill, Panay Tarictic Hornbill, Rufous-tailed Hornbill

Visayan tarictic hornbill (Penelopides panini)
© 2002 (Photograph by P. Heideman)

The Visayan Tarictic Hornbill, Penelopides panini, is a hornbill found in rainforests on the islands of Panay, Negros,
Masbate, and Guimaras, and formerly Ticao, in the Philippines.

The male has a creamy-white head and neck, a white upper chest, a reddish brown lower chest and uppertail-coverts,
and a creamy-white buff tail with a broad black tip. The bill and casque are blackish; the former with yellowish ridges.
The bare ocular skin is pinkish-white. The tail and bill of the female resemble that of the male, but otherwise the
plumage of the female is black, and the ocular skin is blue.

Visayan Tarictic Hornbills live in groups and frequent the canopy of rainforests. These birds are noisy and emit an
incessant sound that sounds like ta-rik-tik, hence the name. Despite their noise they are difficult to find, being well
camouflaged by the dense foliage.

The principal food of Visayan Tarictic Hornbill is fruit. It also eats insects, beetles, ants and earthworms (rarely).

ARKive video - Visayan tarictic - overview
Visayan tarictic, Penelopides panini - Overview
Wildside Photography

Visayan Tarictic Hornbill, Penelopides panini panini - Panay, Negros, Masbate and Guimaras.
Ticao Tarictic Hornbill, Penelopides panini ticaensis - Ticao (likely extinct).

Tarictic Hornbill chick surrendered to researchers in Panay, Philippines.This is a highly endangered species.
The total population is estimated at 1800 individuals. There has been a heavy decline in population due to hunting and
loss of habitat caused by deforestation. The subspecies ticaensis was described as "abundant" in 1905, but almost
the entire forest on the island was replaced by plantations and settlements in the 20th century.

The last time the Ticao Tarictic was seen was in 1971, and it is now likely to be extinct. If confirmed, this is the first taxon
of hornbill to go extinct in recorded history; many other taxa in the family are now at risk.


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