Our Beautiful World

Cuckooshrikes, Campephagidae
The smaller genera

White-winged Triller, Lalage tricolor
Small Minivet, Pericrocotus cinnamomeus
Long-tailed Minivet, Pericrocotus ethologus
Scarlet Minivet, Pericrocotus flammeus
Short-billed Minivet, Pericrocotus brevirostris

Black-faced Cuckoo-shrike, Coracina novaehollandiae, Australia

Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Passeri
Family: Campephagidae

Genus Coracina (48) Cicadabirds and Cuckooshrikes.
     (This genus is described on a separate page.)

Genus Campephaga (6) Cuckooshrikes.
Genus Campochaera.
   Golden Cuckooshrike, Campochaera sloetii
Genus Lobotos, Now Genus Campephaga
Genus Pteropodocys,
Now Genus Coracina
Genus Lalage (12) Trillers.
Genus Pericrocotus
(13) Minivets
Genus Hemipus, Flycatcher-shrikes
   Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike, Hemipus picatus
   Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike, Hemipus hirundinaceus
Genus Tephrodornis, Wood-shrikes (see text) now Prionopidae
Genus Chlamydochaera, now Turdidae

The cuckooshrikes and allies in the Campephagidae family are small to medium-sized passerine bird species found
in the subtropical and tropical Africa, Asia and Australasia. The roughly 85 species are found in eight (or nine) genera
which comprise five distinct groups, the 'true' cuckooshrikes (Campephaga, Coracina, Lobotos, Pteropodocys
and Campochaera
) the trillers (Lalage), the minivets (Pericrocotus), the flycatcher-shrikes (Hemipus).
The wood-shrikes (Tephrodornis) were often considered to be in this family but are probably closer to the helmetshrikes or bushshrikes. Another genus, Chlamydochaera, which has one species, the Black-breasted
Fruithunter was often placed in this family but has now been shown to be a thrush (Turdidae).

Genus Campephaga

English Norsk Latin
Black Cuckoo-shrike Svartlarveeter Campephaga flava
Ghana Cuckoo-shrike Ildlarveeter Campephaga lobata
Oriole Cuckoo-shrike
Eastern Wattled Cuckooshrike
Pirollarveeter Campephaga oriolina
Previous Genus Lobotus
Petit's Cuckoo-shrike Satenglarveeter Campephaga petiti
Red-shouldered Cuckoo-shrike Rødvingelarveeter Campephaga phoenicea
Purple-throated Cuckoo-shrike Purpurlarveeter Campephaga quiscalina

Genus Lalage
The trillers, Lalage, are a genus of passerine birds belonging to the cuckoo-shrike family Campephagidae.
Their name comes from the loud trilling calls of the males. There are about 12 species which occur in southern Asia
and Australasia with a number of species on Pacific islands. They feed mainly on insects and fruit. They build a neat
cup-shaped nest high in a tree.

They are fairly small birds, about 15 to 20 cm long. They are mainly black, grey and white in colour.

Most species are fairly common but the Samoan Triller is considered to be Near Threatened and the Norfolk Island subspecies of the Long-tailed Triller has become extinct.

English Norsk Latin
Black-browed Triller Iriantrillefugl Lalage atrovirens
Rufous-bellied Triller Brunbuktrillefugl Lalage aurea
Varied Triller Hvitbryntrillefugl Lalage leucomela
Long-tailed Triller Melanesiatrillefugl Lalage leucopyga
White-rumped Triller Hvitgumptrillefugl Lalage leucopygialis
Polynesian Triller Polynesiatrillefugl Lalage maculosa
Black-and-white Triller Filippinertrillefugl Lalage melanoleuca
White-browed Triller Sørgetrillefugl Lalage moesta
Pied Triller Parktrillefugl Lalage nigra
Samoan Triller Rødnebbtrillefugl Lalage sharpei
White-shouldered Triller Hvitknoketrillefugl Lalage sueurii
White-winged Triller Hvitvingetrillefugl Lalage tricolor

Genus Pericrocotus

English Norsk Latin
Short-billed Minivet Kortnebbmønjefugl Pericrocotus brevirostris
Brown-rumped Minivet Kinamønjefugl Pericrocotus cantonensis
Small Minivet Småmønjefugl Pericrocotus cinnamomeus
Ashy Minivet Askemønjefugl Pericrocotus divaricatus
White-bellied Minivet Hvitbukmønjefugl Pericrocotus erythropygius
Long-tailed Minivet Langhalemønjefugl Pericrocotus ethologus
Scarlet Minivet Skarlagenmønjefugl Pericrocotus flammeus
Fiery Minivet Ildmønjefugl Pericrocotus igneus
Flores Minivet Floresmønjefugl Pericrocotus lansbergei
Sunda Minivet Rødmønjefugl Pericrocotus miniatus
Rosy Minivet Rosenmønjefugl Pericrocotus roseus
Gray-chinned Minivet Gråhakemønjefugl Pericrocotus solaris
Ryukyu Minivet Ryukyumønjefugl Pericrocotus tegimae

White-winged Triller, Lalage tricolor

White-winged Triller, Lalage tricolor, Australia

The White-winged Triller, Lalage tricolor, is one of the smaller members of the Cuckoo-shrike family, Campephagidae.
It is found throughout mainland Australia and possibly on the islands to the north, including New Guinea and eastern
Indonesia. It is resident or nomadic over the warmer part of its range (inland Australia and points north), and a summer
breeding migrant to the cooler southern parts of Australia.

White-winged Trillers are fairly common in woodland, and open scrub through most of their range, and close to river-
beds in the central arid zone. The conspicuous male bird — black above and white below in breeding plumage — trills
cheerfully through much of the day during the breeding season (mid-spring to early summer), frequently rising on
fluttering wings in song flight.

White-winged Triller, Lalage tricolor, female, Australia

The female is similarly patterned but in dull fawns and white. In the non-breeding season, male birds appear similar
to the female, retaining blackish feathers only on the wings and tail.

Typically 16 to 18 cm long, White-winged Trillers eat a variety of insects, which are taken on the ground, from in foliage,
or in the air.

The correct classification of the White-winged Triller and its close northern relative, the White-shouldered Triller,
Lalage sueurii
, of Eastern Indonesia is uncertain. Some authorities regard them as two races of a single species,
in which case the White-winged Triller becomes Lalage sueurii tricolor.

Small Minivet, Pericrocotus cinnamomeus

Small Minivet, Pericrocotus cinnamomeus malabaricus. Near Hyderabad.
Photo: ©

The Small Minivet, Pericrocotus cinnamomeus, is a small passerine bird. This minivet is found in tropical southern
Asia from the Indian subcontinent east to Indonesia.

The Small Minivet is a widespread and common resident breeding bird in thorn jungle and scrub. The nest is a cup-
like structure into which two to four spotted eggs are laid and incubated by the female.

The Small Minivet is 16 cm long with a strong dark beak and long wings. The male differs from most other common
minivets by having grey, not glossy black, upperparts and head, and orange underparts, fading to yellow on the belly,
orange tail edges, rump and wing patches. The female is grey above, with yellow underparts (including the face), tail
edges, rump and wing patches.

Small Minivet, Pericrocotus cinnamomeus malabaricus. Female, near Hyderabad.
Photo: ©

There is much racial variation. The male Pericrocotus cinnamomeus pallidus of the northwest Indian subcontinent
is pale grey above, with the underparts whitish except on the throat and flanks, whereas the male Pericrocotus cinnamomeus malabaricus of peninsular and southern India is darker above, has more extensive scarlet below.
The female of the southern race is also brighter yellow below.

This minivet catches insects in trees by flycatching or while perched. The Small Minivet will form small flocks.
Its call is a high, thin swee swee swee.

Long-tailed Minivet, Pericrocotus ethologus

Long-tailed Minivet, Pericrocotus ethologus
Photo: © www.arthurgrosset.com

The Long-tailed Minivet, Pericrocotus ethologus, is a species of bird in the Campephagidae family.

It is found in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand, and Vietnam. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is found in open forest at between 900 and 3650 metres during the breeding season.

Scarlet Minivet, Pericrocotus flammeus

Scarlet Minivet, Pericrocotus speciosus, male. India
Photo: © J.M.Garg

The Scarlet Minivet, Pericrocotus flammeus, is a small passerine bird. This minivet is found in tropical southern
Asia from the Indian subcontinent east to southern China, Indonesia, and the Philippines. They are common resident
breeding birds in forests and other well-wooded habitats including gardens, especially in hilly country. While the male
of most subspecies are scarlet to orange with black upper parts, the females are usually yellow with greyish olive
upper parts. Several former subspecies have been elevated to species status in recent works. These include the
Orange Minivet (flammeus in the narrow sense) while the Scarlet Minivet in the restricted sense is used for
Pericrocotus speciosus. All subspecies have the same habits of gleaning for insects and are often seen in mixed-
species foraging flocks, usually foraging in small groups, high up in the forest canopy.

Scarlet Minivet, Pericrocotus speciosus, female. Sri Lanka
Hafiz Issadeen

The Scarlet Minivet is 20–22 cm long with a strong dark beak and long wings. The male has black upperparts and
head, and scarlet underparts, tail edges, rump and wing patches. The shape and colour of the wing patches and the
shade or orange in the male varies across populations. In the subspecies nigroluteus and marchesae from south
Philippines the scarlet/orange is entirely replaced by yellow. The female is grey above, with yellow underparts
(including the face), tail edges, rump and wing patches.

Short-billed Minivet, Pericrocotus brevirostris

Short-billed Minivet, Pericrocotus brevirostris, male
Photo: © www.arthurgrosset.com
The Short-billed Minivet, Pericrocotus brevirostris,is distributed from the central Himalayas through to south-east
China, northern Myanmar, northern Thailand and northern Indochina. It is found in evergreen, deciduous or pine
forest mainly on the edges and at between 900 and 2,745 metres.

There are three Minivet species, the Short-billed, the Long-tailed and the Scarlet Minivets that look remarkably
similar. The main visual feature differentiating the various species is the shape of the wing patch. In the case of the
Short-billed Minivet, there is no red line along the edge of the secondaries as there is on the Long-tailed Minivet,
Pericrocotus ethologus, and there are no red spots at the tips of the inner secondaries and tertials as is the case
in the Scarlet Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus.

Short-billed Minivet, Pericrocotus brevirostris, female
Photo: © www.arthurgrosset.com



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