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The chachalacas, guans and curassows, Cracidae

The chachalacas, guans and curassows are birds in the family Cracidae.

These are species of tropical and subtropical Central and South America. One species, the Plain Chachalaca, just
reaches southernmost Texas in the USA. Two species, the Trinidad Piping Guan and the Rufous-vented Chachalaca
occur on the islands of Trinidad and Tobago respectively.

Cracids are large birds, similar in general appearance to turkeys. The guans and curassows live in trees, but the
smaller chachalacas are found in more open scrubby habitats. Many species are fairly long tailed, which may be an
aide to navigating their largely arboreal existence. They are generally dull-plumaged, but the curassows and some
guans have colourful facial ornaments. The birds are particular vocal, with the chachalacas taking their name from the
sound of their call. Cracids range in size from the Little Chachalaca, Ortalis motmot, at as little as 38 cm and 350 g,
to the Great Curassow (Crax rubra), at nearly 1 m and 4.3 kg.

These species feed on fruit, insects and worms. They build nests in trees, and lay two to three large white eggs, which
only the female incubates alone. The young are precocial and are born with an instinct to immediately climb and seek
refuge in the nesting tree. They are able to fly within days of hatching.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cracidae

Subfamily Penelopinae, Guans
Genus Penelopina
  Highland Guan, Penelopina nigra
Genus Chamaepetes
  Black Guan, Chamaepetes unicolor
  Sickle-winged Guan, Chamaepetes goudotii
Genus Penelope (15 species)
Engelsk Norsk Latinsk
White-winged Guan Hvitvingehokko Penelope albipennis
Band-tailed Guan Sølvørehokko Penelope argyrotis
Bearded Guan Skjegghokko Penelope barbata
Red-faced Guan Rødbrillehokko Penelope dabbenei
Spix's Guan Jungelhokko Penelope jacquacu
White-browed Guan Hvitbrynhokko Penelope jacucaca
Marail Guan Marailhokko Penelope marail
Andean Guan Andeshokko Penelope montagnii
Dusky-legged Guan Sothokko Penelope obscura
Chestnut-bellied Guan Sumphokko Penelope ochrogaster
Baudo Guan Mørkhodehokko Penelope ortoni
Cauca Guan Caucahokko Penelope perspicax
White-crested Guan Rustnakkehokko Penelope pileata
Crested Guan Parykkhokko Penelope purpurascens
Rusty-margined Guan Brasilhokko Penelope superciliaris

Genus Aburria
  Wattled Guan, Aburria aburri
Genus Pipile (4 species, the Piping Guans)

Subfamily N.N.[2]

Genus Ortalis - Chachalacas (12 species)

Engelsk Norsk Latinsk
Chaco Chachalaca Chacohokko Ortalis canicollis
Gray-headed Chachalaca Gråhodehokko Ortalis cinereiceps
Rufous-headed Chachalaca Rusthodehokko Ortalis erythroptera
Chestnut-winged Chachalaca Kastanjevingehokko Ortalis garrula
Speckled Chachalaca Buskhokko Ortalis guttata
White-bellied Chachalaca Hvitbukhokko Ortalis leucogastra
Little Chachalaca Guyanahokko Ortalis motmot
West Mexican Chachalaca Guerrerohokko Ortalis poliocephala
Rufous-vented Chachalaca Llanoshokko Ortalis ruficauda
Buff-browed Chachalaca Blekbrynhokko Ortalis superciliaris
Plain Chachalaca Kratthokko Ortalis vetula
Rufous-bellied Chachalaca Sinaloahokko Ortalis wagleri

Subfamily Oreophasinae
Genus Oreophasis, Horned Guan

Subfamily Cracinae, Curassows
Genus Nothocrax
  Nocturnal Curassow, Nothocrax urumutum
Genus Crax (7 species)
Genus Mitu
  Crestless Curassow, Mitu tomentosum
  Salvin's Curassow, Mitu salvini
  Razor-billed Curassow, Mitu tuberosum
  Alagoas Curassow, Mitu mitu (extinct in the wild)

Genus Pauxi, Helmeted curassows (2 species)


Genus Penelope
Penelope is a bird genus in the Cracidae family consisting of a number of large turkey-like arboreal species, the typical
guans. The range of these species is in forests from southern Mexico to tropical South America. These largish birds
have predominately brown plumage and have relatively small heads in comparison with body size; they also bear a
characteristic dewlap. Body lengths are typically 65 to 95 centimeters.

Most of the genus members have a typically raucous honking call. A number of the genus members are endangered
species and at least one is critically endangered, usually due to tropical deforestation and hunting. In the case of several
species the estimated populations are as low as a few 1000 mature birds, spread over a considerable area.
Because of the scarcity of many of the genus members and also due to the habitat being often in deep or high altitude
forests, little is known about some of the species habits and reproduction; in fact, some species are found at altitudes
up to 3350 meters. Nests are typically built of twigs in trees.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penelope_(genus)




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