is a medium blue-green colour.
It has its name from the Anas crecca, whose name is 'Common Teal',
a member of the duck-family,
whose eyes are sorrounded by this speciel colour.
Blåvingeand, Blue-winged Teal na
Anas carolinensis, Amerikakrikkand, Green-winged
Anas crecca nimia
Anas cyanoptera, Kaneland, Cinnamon
Anas cyanoptera borreroi,
Anas cyanoptera orinomus,
Anas cyanoptera cyanoptera
Gulnebbkrikkand, Speckled Teal
Anas flavirostris andium
Anas flavirostris oxyptera
Anas flavirostris flavirostris
Anas puna, Punaand, Puna Teal, sa
formerly included in
Anas versicolor, Sølvand, Silver
Teal sa Probable
Callonetta leucophrys, Prydand, Ringed
Amazonetta brasiliensis, Brasiland, Brazilian
Anas brasiliensis ipecutiri
discors, Blåvingeand, Blue-winged Teal na
common both in the wild and in captivity, the Blue-winged Teal is
known by two subspecies the Atlantic,
Anas discors orphna and the Prairie, Anas discors discors.
Both subspecies are very similar to one another and
probably interbreed. The Atlantic Blue-wing breeds in the tidal marshes
along the Atlantic coast from Canada to the Carolinas
and winters in the West Indies and South America. However, some birds
remain resident year round in the middle of its range.
The Prairie Blue-winged Teal breeds in the central plains of North
America, from Canada to New Mexico and Texas.
Winters from the Gulf Coast States to norhtern South America.
Teal, Anas discors, Blackpoint Wildlife Drive, Merritt Island, Florida
Photo: Hans Stieglitz
The Blue-winged Teal is mostly all brown, with males having a slate-blue
head with a white crescent in front of the eye.
The speculum is metallic green below the light blue forewing for
which this species is named.
Hens resemble Cinnamon Teal hens, but lighter. The bill is black;
legs and feet are yellow.
The hens begin to build nests close to a water source in thick
cover in late May. Clutches consists of between 7 and 10 eggs
and are incubated for 24 days. Some hens will use a ground box if
They fledge at six weeks and are able to breed their first year.
Text above partly © Text by
Dan Cowell c/o
Blue-Winged Teal, Birding Center,
Port Aransas, Texas
Photo: Alan D. Wilson, www.naturespicsonline.com
carolinensis Amerikakrikkand Green-winged Teal am
Anas carolinensis - Green-Winged
Teal, Birding Center, Port Aransas, Texas
Photo: Alan D. Wilson
The Green-winged Teal, Anas carolinensis, is a common and
widespread duck that breeds in the northern areas of
North America except on the Aleutian Islands. It was considered
conspecific with the Common Teal, Anas.
for some time but the issue is still being reviewed by the American
Ornithologists' Union; based on this the IUCN and
BirdLife International do not accept it as a separate species at
present. However, nearly all other authorities consider it distinct
based on behavioral, morphological, and molecular evidence. (so
here we go again.....)
dabbling duck is strongly migratory
and winters far south of its breeding range. It is highly gregarious
outside of the
breeding season and will form large flocks. In flight, the fast,
twisting flocks resemble waders.
Photo: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
is the smallest North American dabbling duck. The breeding male
has grey flanks and back, with a yellow rear end
and a white-edged green speculum, obvious in flight or at rest.
It has a chestnut head with a green eye patch.
It is distinguished from drake Common Teals
(the Eurasian relative of this bird) by a vertical white stripe
on side of breast,
the lack of both a horizontal white scapular stripe and the lack
of thin buff lines on its head.
are three subspecies of this little duck, the European
(Common) Teal, Anas crecca crecca, and the American
Green-winged Teal, Anas crecca carolinensis, and finally
Teal, Anas crecca nimia.
The major differences in the
subspecies, can be seen in the drakes. American drakes have a vertical
white band on the side of it's breast, whereas the
European drakes have a horizontal white band above the wings. The
Aleutian is nearly identical to the European,
but larger and found only on the Aluetian Islands and is not migratory.
males, at Palo Alto Baylands, California
females are light brown, with plumage much like a female Mallard.
They can be distinguished from most ducks on size and shape, and
the speculum. Separation from female Common Teal is problematic.
In non-breeding (eclipse) plumage,
the drake looks more like the female.
is a common duck of sheltered wetlands, such as taiga bogs, and
usually feeds by dabbling for plant food or grazing.
It nests on the ground, near water and under cover. The
clutch sizes range from 6 to 12 cream colored eggs and are
incubated for about 23 days.
The young grow quickly and
are able to fly in about a month and a half. The immatures resemble
the hen, but their underparts are spotted brown. Males will recieve
their adult plumage and will breed their first year.
This is a noisy species. The male has a clear whistle, whereas the
female has a feeble "quack".
mostly from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Green-winged_Teal
Anas cyanoptera Kaneland Cinnamon Teal am
Female in flight. Chile. Dec. 2005
Cinnamon Teal, Anas cyanoptera, is a small, reddish duck
found in marshes and ponds of western North and South America.
The adult male has a cinnamon-red head and body with a brown back,
a red eye and a dark bill.
The adult female has a mottled brown body, a pale brown head, brown
eyes and a grey bill and is very similar in appearance
to a female Blue-winged Teal; however
its overall color is richer, the lore spot, eye line, and eye ring
are less distinct.
It's bill is longer and more spatulate. Male juvenile resembles
a female Cinnamon or Blue-winged Teal
but their eyes are red.
They are 16 inches (410 mm) long, have a 22-inch (560 mm) wingspan,
and weigh 14 ounces (400 g).
They have 2 adult molts per year and a third molt in their first
male is cinnamon-rufous with white stripes on its black scapulars
It has a red eye. Chile, Dec. 2005
Their breeding habitat is marshes and ponds in western United States
and extreme southwestern Canada, and are rare
visitors to the east coast of the United States.Cinnamon Teal generally
select new mates each year.
They are migratory
and most winter in northern South America and the Caribbean,
as far as the Blue-winged Teal. Some
winter in California and southwestern Arizona. They are known to
interbreed with Blue-winged Teals.
These birds feed by dabbling. They mainly eat plants; their diet
may include molluscs and aquatic insects.
and Female Cinnamon Teals. Anas cyanoptera
Photo: Edward Russell
Subspecies are: Anas cyanoptera septentrionalium, Northern
Cinnamon Teal breeds from British Columbia to northwestern
New Mexico, and they winter in northwestern South America.
Anas cyanoptera tropica, Tropical Cinnamon Teal occurs in
the Cauca Valley and Magdalena Valley in Colombia.
Anas cyanoptera borreroi, Borrero's Cinnamon Teal (possibly
extinct) occurs in the eastern Andes of Colombia with records
of apparently resident birds from northern Ecuador. It is named
for Colombian ornithologist José Ignacio Borrero.
Anas cyanoptera orinomus, Andean Cinnamon Teal occurs in
the Altiplano of Peru, northern Chile and Bolivia.
Anas cyanoptera cyanoptera, Argentine Cinnamon Teal occurs
in southern Peru, southern Brazil, Argentina, Chile,
and the Falkland (Malvinas).
All of the above subspecies are similar in appearance, with the
obvious size exceptions.
The Tropical Cinnamon is also much more spotted than the others.
Text: Mostly from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cinnamon_Teal
male moving out of its eclipse plumage in which it looks similar
to the female but more rufous and still with a red eye. Chile, Dec.
Anas flavirostris Gulnebbkrikkand Speckled Teal sa
Speckled Teal, Anas
flavirostris, at Sylvan Heights Waterfowl Park in Scotland Neck,
This photo is of subspecies Sharp-winged Teal, Anas flavirostris
oxyptera. Nov. 2009
Photo: Dick Daniels, (http://carolinabirds.org/
The Speckled Teal, Anas flavirostris, is a South American
duck species. Like other teals, it belongs to the diverse genus
more precisely it is one of the "true" teals of subgenus
It resides in the Andes in Colombia, Venezuela, Argentina, Chile,
Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Uruguay and Brazil.
It has also established itself in South Georgia, where it was first
recorded breeding in 1971.
It inhabits freshwater wetlands, preferring palustrine habitat to
Considering its wide range and local abundance, it is not considered
threatened by the IUCN.
It is often split into two or more species.
This species is also unique among its relatives in some aspects
of its post-copulation behavior:
After dismounting, the drakes stretch themselves up high and swim
around and alongside the females.
Traditionally, there are 4 subspecies:
Merida Teal, Anas flavirostris altipetens highlands
of north-west Venezuela and adjacent parts of Colombia.
Andean Teal, Anas flavirostris andium - highlands of Colombia
Sharp-winged Teal, Anas flavirostris oxyptera highlands
of central Peru to northern Chile and Argentina.
Chilean Teal, Anas flavirostris flavirostris southern
South America as far north as southern Brazil and northern Argentina.
Also in the Falklands (Malvinas)
Each of the above have been considered as separate species, but
increasingly the two northern taxa altipetens and andium,
which have a dark greyish bill, are considered as a single species,
the Andean Teal, Anas andium, with altipetens as a subspecies).
In that case, the two remaining taxa, which have a largely yellow
bill, are referred to as the Speckled or Yellow-billed Teal
Anas flavirostris, with oxyptera as a subspecies.
Anas puna, Punaand, Puna Teal sa
Puna Teal, Anas puna,
at Sylvan Heights Waterfowl Park in Scotland Neck, North Carolina
Dick Daniels, http://carolinabirds.org
The Puna Teal, Anas puna, is a species of dabbling duck in
the genus Anas.
It was previously regarded as a subspecies of the Silver
The Puna Teal is resident in the Andes of Peru, western Bolivia,
northern Chile, and extreme northwestern Argentina
It is found on the larger lakes and pools in the altiplano.
N.P., Chile, Feb. 2007
The Puna Teal is 19 inches long similar in size to a Mandarin
or a Wood duck.
They have a black cap that extends to below the eyes. Their lower
face and neck are creamy white.
Their upper tail coverts are gray, and their rear flanks are dark
brown with thin stripes.
Back, chest and lower flanks are light coffee with dark brown spots.
Their bill is large, light blue with a black line down the middle.
They are sometimes kept in mixed collections but are protective
of females and eggs during the breeding season.
In the wild they live in small groups of there own kind or with
the closely related Silver Teal.
Puna Teal lay there eggs between April and June. Like Swans and
Geese both parents rear the duckings.
They lay there eggs in long grass not always close to the water
the eggs are a creamy pink color of which there may be several.
The relationship between the male and female may be long term.
The status of the Puna Teal is Least Concern.
N.P., Chile, Feb. 2007
Anas versicolor Sølvand Silver Teal sa
The Versicolor or Silver teal is native to
There are two subspecies: the Northern Silver Teal, Anas versicolor
versicolor, is the smallest of the the three(?),
and can be found in Boliva, Paraguay, Uruguay, southern Brazil,
central Chile and Northern Argentina;
the Southern Silver Teal, Anas versicolor fretensis, is very
similiar to the Northern , but is larger and slightly darker,
both subspecies share a salmon colored patch at the base of the
Their habitat is vatied, from shallow freshwater lakes, ponds and
marshes on the pampas, to high altitude lakes.
The male has a black crown and nape, buff cheeks; fawn mottled
with black on the breast & sides, barred gray and black flanks.
The tail is is finely barred with black and white. Bill is slaty-blue,
with a salmon colored patch at base (Northern & Southern)
and a black band on the culmen. Legs and feet drak gray. The
Puna is similar, but much paler in overall color.
Nearly identical to male, the female is slightly duller and with
the exeption of the Puna,
the salmon color on the bill is not has large as drakes.
Their breeding season in the wild is from October to January; in
captivity it is from April to June.
They are sexually mature the first year, but won't often breed until
they are two.
Silver teals will make their nest under thick cover near water,
but will accept open-fronted nest boxes that are concealed.
The 8 to 10 creamy-pink eggs will hatch after 25 days.
by Dan Cowell, at www.harteman.nl
Jan Harteman, www.harteman.nl
It lives on fresh water in small groups,
and feeds primarily on vegetable matter such as seeds and aquatic
Silver Teals are on the whole placid ducks but may be protective
of eggs, young and females.
Teal, Anas versicolor, at Sylvan Heights Waterfowl Park in
Scotland Neck, NC, March 2010
Callonetta leucophrys Prydand Ringed Teal sa
Ringed Teal, Callonetta leucophrys, is a small duck of South
American forests. It is the only species of the genus Callonetta.
Usually placed with the dabbling ducks, Anatinae, this species
may actually be closer to shelducks and belong in the
subfamily Tadorninae; its closest relative is possibly the Maned
Teal in Heidelberger Zoo, Nov. 2009
The male and female remain colourful throughout the year, lacking
an eclipse plumage.
The drake has a rich chestnut back, pale grey flanks and a salmon-coloured
breast speckled in black.
A black band runs from the top of its head down to the nape.
Ringed Teal, Callonetta
leucophrys, at London Wetland Centre, England - August, 2008.
Females have an olive-brownish back with the head blotched and striated
in white, with pencilled barring on a pale chest and belly. Both
have a dark tail, a contrasting pale rump, and a distinctive white
patch on the wing.
Bills are grey and legs and feet are pink in both sexes. Pairs easily
Their contact calls are a cat-like mee-oowing in ducks, a lingering
peewoo in drakes.
The Ringed Teal breeds in north-west Argentina and Paraguay, also
occurring in Bolivia, Brazil and Uruguay.
Their habitats include tropical, swampy forests and marshy clearings
in well-wooded lowlands,
as well as secluded pools and small streams.
Male Ringed Teal in Brazil
Lee Karney, United States Fish and Wildlife Service
Amazonetta brasiliensis Brasiland Brazilian Teal sa
du Brésil u
male on the left has a red bill and legs while the female on the
right has a grey bill.
The other key feature in the male is the pale grey area on the cheeks
and the sides of the neck
Duck or Brazilian Teal, Amazonetta brasiliensis, is the only duck
in the genus Amazonetta.
It was formerly considered a "perching duck", but more
recent analyses indicate that it belongs to a clade of South American
dabbling ducks which also includes the Crested Duck, the Bronze-winged
Duck, and possibly the steamer ducks
The ducks are light brown in colour. Drakes distinguish themselves
from females in having red beaks and legs, and in having a
distinctive pale grey area on the side of its head and neck. The
colour of these limbs is much duller in females.
Brazilian ducks live in pairs or in small groups of up to twenty
birds. Both parents look after their hatchlings.
They eat seeds, fruits, roots and insect, while ducklings eat only
called Brazilian Duck, Brazilian name: pé-vermelho
They can be found throughout eastern South America, from Uruguay,
to northern and eastern Argentina, Paraguay,central
Venezuela, Brazil, northeastern Peru, Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana,
eastern Bolivia, and eastern Colombia.
Their preferred habitat is a body of freshwater away from the coast
with dense vegetation nearby.
Couple, female left.
Photo © Jan
There are two sub-species
Anas brasiliensis brasiliensis, the nominate race, located
in Brazil, Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana, central Venezuela,
eastern Colombia, northeastern Peru.
Anas brasiliensis ipecutiri located in Brazil, Northern Argentina,
eastern Bolivia, Uruguay, and Paraguay.
They are plentiful and are listed as Least Concern.
de São Paulo, Dec. 2007
Photo: Dario Sanches