Our Beautiful World

Humboldt Penguin, Spheniscus humboldti    

Humboldt Penguin   Humboldtpingvin  Manchot de Humboldt     Humboldtpinguin
    Pingüino De Humboldt

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable A2bcde+3bcde+4bcde; C1+2b
This species has undergone extreme population size fluctuations, (close to one order of
magnitude) at major colonies in Chile. However, an overall reduction in the number of
breeding colonies indicates that there is probably an ongoing, underlying rapid decline in
It consequently qualifies as Vulnerable.
History: 2008 – Vulnerable
2005 – Vulnerable
2004 – Vulnerable
2000 – Vulnerable
1994 – Lower Risk/near threatened
1988 – Threatened
2010. Spheniscus humboldti. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>.
Downloaded on 19 September 2010

Humboldt penguin, Spheniscus humboldti), in the middle, differs from Magellanic Penguins by
one broad band across their crests, not two.
It is a seldom guest at winter in Tierra del Fuego, coming down from the western coast of South America.
Pinguineria Punihuil, Chile.

Copyright © Vladimir Dinets

The Humboldt Penguin, Spheniscus humboldti, (also termed Peruvian Penguin, or Patranca) is a South American penguin,
that breeds in coastal Peru and Chile. The penguin is named after the cold water current it swims in,
which is itself named after Alexander von Humboldt, an explorer.

Photo: frank wouters

Humboldt Penguins are medium-sized penguins, growing to 65-70 cm (26-28 in) long and a weight of 3.6-5.9 kg (8-13 lbs).
They have a black head with a white border that runs from behind the eye, around the black ear-coverts and chin,
and joins at the throat. They have blackish-grey upperparts and whitish underparts, with a black breast-band that extends
down the flanks to the thigh. They have a fleshy-pink base to the bill. Juveniles have dark heads and no breast-band.
They have spines on their tongue which they use to hold their prey.

Humboldt Penguins nest on islands and rocky coasts, burrowing holes in guano and sometimes using scrapes or caves.
In South America the Humboldt Penguin is found only along Pacific coast, and the range of the Humboldt Penguin overlaps
that of the Magellanic Penguin on the central Chilean coast.

Humboldt Penguin swimming on the surface of water at Dublin Zoo.
Photo: Alan Daly


The current status of this penguin is vulnerable, due to a declining population caused in part by over-fishing. Historically it was the
victim of guano over-exploitation. Penguins are also declining in numbers due to habitat destruction. The current population is
estimated at between 3,300 and 12,000.

ARKive video - Humboldt penguin chicks begging for food from adult   ARKive video - Humboldt penguins moving through sea lion colony
Humboldt penguin chicks begging for food from adult and penguins moving through sea lion colony
BBC Natural History Unit
http://www.arkive.org/humboldt-penguin/spheniscus-humboldti/video-03.html and video-09b

Photo: TimVickers


over 250


over 500


over 225
Web www.vulkaner.no

This page has been made with Macromedia Dreamweaver