Our Beautiful World

Macaroni Penguin, Eudyptes chrysolophus   

Macaroni Penguin  Guldlokket pingvin  Macaroni-pinguïn    Gorfou Macaroni Goldschopfpinguin
  Gulltopp-pingvin   Pinguino Macaroni

Courtesy: http://www.coolantarctica.com

The Macaroni Penguin, Eudyptes chrysolophus, is a species of penguin found from the Subantarctic to the Antarctic Peninsula.
One of six species of crested penguin, it is very closely related to the Royal Penguin, and some authorities consider the two
to be a single species. It bears a distinctive yellow crest, and the face and upperparts are black and sharply delineated from
the white underparts.

Courtesy: http://www.coolantarctica.com

Adults weigh on average 5.5 kg (12 lb) and are 70 cm (28 in) in length. The male and female are similar in appearance although
the male is slightly larger with a relatively larger bill. Like all penguins, it is flightless, with a streamlined body and wings
stiffened and flattened into flippers for a marine lifestyle.

Courtesy: http://www.coolantarctica.com

A 1993 review estimated that the Macaroni was the most abundant species of penguin, with a minimum of 11,841,600 pairs
of Macaroni Penguins worldwide. Macaroni Penguins range from the sub-Antarctic to the Antarctic Peninsula;
at least 216 breeding colonies at 50 sites have been recorded.

Macaroni penguin colony,
Elsehul, Syd Georgia.
Macaroni-penguins(Eudyptes chrysolophus),
Elsehul, Syd Georgia.

In South America, Macaroni Penguins are found in southern Chile, the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and
the South Sandwich Islands, and South Orkney Islands. They also occupy much of Antarctica and the Antarctic Peninsula,
including the northern South Shetland Islands, Bouvet Island, the Prince Edward and Marion islands, the Crozet Islands,
the Kerguelen Islands, the Heard and McDonald Islands.

While foraging for food, groups will range north to the islands off Australia, New Zealand, southern Brazil, Tristan da Cunha,
and South Africa.

Elsehul, Syd Georgia.
Macaroni penguin prefers steep rocky slopes. About half of the world's population breeds in Scotia Sea area, with 3 million pairs in sixty colonies at South Georgia, and smaller colonies on all other island groups. On the Falklands and Tierra del Fuego it is rare, but its close relative, small rockhopper penguin (E. chrysocome), is very common (2.5 million pairs on the Falklands, 175,000 on Tierra del Fuego). The latter is even better at rock climbing and porpoising..
Macaroni penguins ,
Elsehul, Syd Georgia.

Macaronipenguin chickens ,
Elsehul, Syd Georgia.
Both macaroni and rockhopper pingviner feed mostly on krill, but partially switch to fish and squid when they feed their chicks, or when krill populations crash. They usually dive to 10-80 m, and are are more migratory than king pingviner. Their breeding season is highly synchronized breeding season, with all eggs in a colony laid within 2-3 weeks. Birds start arriving to colonies in October, and leave in late February-March. Unlike king pingviner, they build nests of grass and pebbles and lay two eggs. The first egg is usually smaller and seldom hatches. The numbers of both species are apparently stable at the moment.

All pictures on this page, except if otherwise stated: Copyright © Vladimir Dinets


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