Our Beautiful World
The Macaroni Penguin, Eudyptes chrysolophus, is a species of penguin found from the Subantarctic to the Antarctic Peninsula.
One of six species of crested penguin, it is very closely related to the Royal Penguin, and some authorities consider the two
to be a single species. It bears a distinctive yellow crest, and the face and upperparts are black and sharply delineated from
the white underparts.
Adults weigh on average 5.5 kg (12 lb) and are 70 cm (28 in) in length. The male and female are similar in appearance although
the male is slightly larger with a relatively larger bill. Like all penguins, it is flightless, with a streamlined body and wings
stiffened and flattened into flippers for a marine lifestyle.
A 1993 review estimated that the Macaroni was the most abundant species of penguin, with a minimum of 11,841,600 pairs
of Macaroni Penguins worldwide. Macaroni Penguins range from the sub-Antarctic to the Antarctic Peninsula;
at least 216 breeding colonies at 50 sites have been recorded.
In South America, Macaroni Penguins are found in southern Chile, the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and
the South Sandwich Islands, and South Orkney Islands. They also occupy much of Antarctica and the Antarctic Peninsula,
including the northern South Shetland Islands, Bouvet Island, the Prince Edward and Marion islands, the Crozet Islands,
the Kerguelen Islands, the Heard and McDonald Islands.
While foraging for food, groups will range north to the islands off Australia, New Zealand, southern Brazil, Tristan da Cunha,
and South Africa.
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