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Petrels, Procellariiformes

Petrels are tube-nosed seabirds in the bird order Procellariiformes. The common name does not indicate
relationship beyond that point, as "petrels" occur in three of the four families within that group (except the
Albatross family, Diomedeidae).

All the members of the order are exclusively pelagic in distribution — returning to land only to breed.

The family Procellariidae is the main radiation of medium-sized true petrels, characterised by united nostrils with medium septum, and a long outer functional primary. It is dominant in the Southern Oceans, but not so in the Northern Hemisphere.

It includes a number of petrel groups, the relationships between which have finally been resolved to satisfaction.

The family Procellariidae 7 species of surface predators and filter feeders, breed in high latitudes but
migrate along cool currents to the north. All but Fulmarus essentially confined to the south, Fulmarus apparently
colonised the N hemisphere during the Early Miocene.

The fulmarine petrels

Genus Procellaria, (5)
Grey Petrel, Grey Shearwater, or Pediunker, Procellaria cinerea, breeds on subantarctic islands
White-chinned Petrel, Procellaria aequincotialis, breeds on subantarctic islands
Spectacled Petrel, Procellaria consicillata, breeds on Inaccessible Island
Black Petrel, or Parkinson's Petrel, Procellaria parkinsoni, breeds on Little Barrier Island and Great Barrier Is.
Westland Petrel, Procellaria westlandica, breeds on South Island

Genus Macronectes - The huge giant petrels, , which are convergent with the albatrosses, (2)
Southern Giant Petrel, Macronectes giganteus
Northern Giant Petrel, Macronectes halli

Genus Fulmarus - The true fulmars (2)
Northern Fulmar, Fulmarus glacialis
Southern Fulmar, Fulmarus glacialodes

Genus Thalassoica:
Antarctic Petrel, Thalassoica antarctica,
Genus Daption:
Cape Petrel, Daption capense,
Genus Pagodroma:
Snow Petrel, Pagodroma nivea.

The gadfly petrels: These are a considerable number of agile short-billed petrels in the
Genus Pterodroma which include the endangered Bermuda Petrel or Cahow and a considerable
number of forms rendered extinct by human activity. (~37, few are instinct)

The prions: A specialised group of a few very numerous species, all southern. They have a small, fulmar-like
form and mostly filter-feed on zooplankton.
Genus: Pachyptila, the prions proper (6)
Genus: Halobaena (1)
Blue Petrel, Halobaena caerulea

The procellariine petrels, larger or mid-sized species feeding on fish and molluscs which are fairly
close to the prions:
Genus: Procellaria (5)
Genus: Bulweria (2)
Bulwer's Petrel, Bulweria bulwerii
Jouanin's Petrel, Bulweria fallax

The Shearwaters: numerous species in several genera with a medium number of species.
Genus Puffinus: (~19)
Genus: Calonectris, (3)
   (Sub)genus: Ardenna (all named Puffinus 7)
Genus: Pseudobulweria, (5) incl. Beck's Petrel
Genus: Lugensa:
Kerguelen Petrel, Lugensa brevirostris.

The family Hydrobatidae is the storm petrels, small pelagic petrels with a fluttering flight
which often follow ships.
Subfamily Oceanitinae (8)
Genus: Oceanites
Wilson's Storm Petrel, Oceanites oceanicus
New Zealand Storm Petrel, Oceanites maorianus
Elliot's Storm Petrel, Oceanites gracilis
Grey-backed Storm Petrel, Garrodia nereis
White-faced Storm Petrel, Pelagodroma marina
Black-bellied Storm Petrel or Gould's Storm-Petrel, Fregetta tropica
White-bellied Storm Petrel, Fregetta grallaria
Polynesian Storm Petrel, Nesofregetta fuliginosa
Genus: Garrodia
Genus: Pelagodroma
Genus: Fregetta
White-bellied Storm Petrel, Fregetta grallaria
Black-bellied Storm Petrel, Fregetta tropica
Genus: Nesofregetta
Subfamily Hydrobatinae
Genus: Hydrobates
Genus: Oceanodroma

The family Pelecanoididae is the four species of diving petrels,
Genus Pelacanoides. These are auk-like small petrels of the southern oceans. (3)

Source: different pages on Wikipedia.

Engelsk Norsk Latinsk
Kerguelen Petrel Sølvvingepetrell Aphrodroma brevirostris
Bulwer's Petrel Spisshalepetrell Bulweria bulwerii
Jouanin's Petrel Araberpetrell Bulweria fallax
Cape Petrel Flekkpetrell Daption capense
Blue Petrel Blåpetrell Halobaena caerulea
Antarctic Giant Petrel Sørkjempepetrell Macronectes giganteus
Hall's Giant Petrel Nordkjempepetrell Macronectes halli
Wilson's Storm Petrel Oceanites oceanicus
Snow Petrel Snøpetrell Pagodroma nivea
Diving-Petrels Dykkpetrellfamilien Pelecanoides
Peruvian Diving-Petrel Humboldtdykkpetrell Pelecanoides garnotii
South Georgia Diving-Petrel Kortnebbdykkpetrell Pelecanoides georgicus
Magellanic Diving-Petrel Magellandykkpetrell Pelecanoides magellani
Common Diving-Petrel Smalnebbdykkpetrell Pelecanoides urinatrix
White-chinned Petrel Hvithakepetrell Procellaria aequinoctialis
Gray Petrel Gråpetrell Procellaria cinerea
Parkinson's Petrel Fjellpetrell Procellaria parkinsoni
Westland Petrel Westlandpetrell Procellaria westlandica
Beck's Petrel Pseudobulweria becki
Gadfly Petrels   Pterodroma
Antarctic Petrel Antarktispetrell Thalassoica antarctica

The above list is mainly based on list of Petrells in 'Norske navn på verdens fugler', at http://www.birdlife.no/fuglekunnskap/navn/index.php?name=petrell&submit=S%C3%B8k


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