Our Beautiful World

Minas Gerais Tyrannulet, Phylloscartes roquettei  


Red List Category & Criteria: CR B1ab(i,ii,iii,v) ver 3.1 (2001)
Year Assessed: 2004, Assessor/s: BirdLife International
Evaluator/s: Capper, D., Wege, D. & Pople, R. (BirdLife International Red List Authority)
Justification: This species qualifies as Critically Endangered as it is currently known from just two locations within an extremely small, severely fragmented range, which is declining in response to rapid habitat loss.
History: 1988 - Threatened (Collar and Andrew 1988)
1994 - Endangered (Collar, Crosby and Stattersfield 1994)
2000 - Critically Endangered (BirdLife International 2000)

©IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 11th April 2008.

at present there is believed to be from 50 to 249 birds alive, declining.

Minas Gerais Tyrannulet, Phylloscartes roquettei, Pirapora, Minas Gerais, Brazil, February 2002
© Arthur Grosset
The Minas Gerais Tyrannulet is a Brazilian endemic and is classified as Critically Endangered in "Threatened Birds of the World"

Foto: Cachoeira das Andorinhas, Pirapora, Minas Gerais, (GNU Free Documentation License)

This species was only discovered in 1926 on the banks of the rio São Francisco near
Januária in Minas Gerais but, apart from a sighting in 1977, it has not been seen again at the original site.
In 1993 it was found at a site near Pirapora about 200 km south but still on the rio São Francisco.
We found 3 birds that spent most of their time about 25 metres up in the canopy of a small
group of trees on the banks of a stream called the Corrego dos Ovos.
On one occasion a bird dropped down to within a few metres of us but unfortunately
did not show well enough for a decent photo.
Another pair of birds was seen a few hundred metres away but it seems to be very scarce indeed.
text: Arthur Grosset

© Arthur Grosset

Areeira, Astronium urundeuva
http://www.geocities.com (not active as per Sept.2010)
      Its habitat is probably the most threatened in central Brazil owing to its valuable
Areeira, Astronium urundeuva, wood and relatively fertile soils.
Charcoal-burning, Brazil                                          Forests & Forest Destruction in Brazil
Photos: © http://www.hort.purdue.edu
Charcoal-burners were fully active at the type-locality in 1986, where there was also
extensive forest cutting for pasture and agricultural development.

Photo: ©http://bio-geo-terms.blogspot.com
The São Francisco basin is also threatened by limestone quarrying and a large-scale
irrigation project that has already resulted in the loss of large areas of forest.           
From the 'Rare Birds 2008' http://www.rarebirdsyearbook.com/


over 250


over 500


over 225
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