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Shrikes, Laniidae

Red-backed Shrike, Lanius collurio,
Photo © Jørgen Scheel

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Laniidae

Shrikes are passerine birds of the family Laniidae. The family is composed of thirty-one species in three genera.
The family name, and that of the largest genus, Lanius, is derived from the Latin word for "butcher", and some
shrikes were also known as "butcher birds" because of their feeding habits.
Note that the Australasian butcherbirds are not shrikes.

Family: Laniidae
Genus: Lanius
Tiger Shrike, Lanius tigrinus
Bull-headed Shrike, Lanius bucephalus
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio, No: Tornskate
Isabelline Shrike Lanius isabellinus
Brown Shrike, Lanius cristatus
Burmese Shrike, Lanius collurioides
Emin's Shrike, Lanius gubernator
Souza's Shrike, Lanius souzae
Bay-backed Shrike, Lanius vittatus
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach
Grey-backed Shrike Lanius tephronotus
Mountain Shrike or Grey-capped Shrike, Lanius validirostris
Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor
Loggerhead Shrike, Lanius ludovicianus
Great Grey Shrike or
   Northern Shrike Lanius excubitor
Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis
Chinese Grey Shrike, Lanius sphenocercus
Grey-backed Fiscal, Lanius excubitoroides
Long-tailed Fiscal, Lanius cabanisi
Taita Fiscal, Lanius dorsalis
Somali Fiscal, Lanius somalicus
Mackinnon's Shrike, Lanius mackinnoni
Common Fiscal, Lanius collaris
Newton's Fiscal, Lanius newtoni
Uhehe Shrike, Lanius marwitzi
Woodchat Shrike, Lanius senator
Masked Shrike, Lanius nubicus
Steppe Grey Shrike, Lanius pallidirostris
Genus: Corvinella
Yellow-billed Shrike, Corvinella corvina
Magpie Shrike, Corvinella melanoleuca
Genus: Eurocephalus
White-rumped Shrike, Eurocephalus rueppelli
White-crowned Shrike, Eurocephalus anguitimens

Birds with similar names
Other species, popularly called "shrikes," are in the families:
Prionopidae, helmetshrikes. formerly Campephagidae
Malaconotidae, puffback shrikes, bush shrikes, tchagras and boubous.
Campephagidae, cuckoo-shrikes.

The Prionopidae and Malaconotidae are quite closely related to the Laniidae, and were formerly included in the shrike family. The cuckoo-shrikes are not closely related to the true shrikes.

The Australasian butcherbirds are not shrikes, although they occupy a similar ecological niche.

Engelsk Norsk Latinsk
Bull-headed Shrike Oksevarsler Lanius bucephalus
Long-tailed Fiscal Swahilivarsler Lanius cabanisi
Common Fiscal Svartryggvarsler Lanius collaris
Red-backed Shrike Tornskate Lanius collurio
Burmese Shrike Kastanjevarsler Lanius collurioides
Brown Shrike Brunvarsler Lanius cristatus
Taita Fiscal Savannevarsler Lanius dorsalis
Northern Shrike Varsler Lanius excubitor
Gray-backed Fiscal Akasievarsler Lanius excubitoroides
Emin's Shrike Dvergvarsler Lanius gubernator
Rufous-tailed Shrike Rødhalevarsler Lanius isabellinus
Loggerhead Shrike Amerikavarsler Lanius ludovicianus
Mackinnon's Shrike Skogbrynvarsler Lanius mackinnoni
Southern Gray Shrike Krattvarsler Lanius meridionalis
Steppevarsler Lanius meridionalis pallidirostris
Lesser Gray Shrike Rosenvarsler Lanius minor
Newton's Fiscal Svovelvarsler Lanius newtoni
Masked Shrike Hvitpannevarsler Lanius nubicus
Long-tailed Shrike Rustvarsler Lanius schach
Woodchat Shrike Rødhodevarsler Lanius senator
Somali Fiscal Somalivarsler Lanius somalicus
Souza's Shrike Miombovarsler Lanius souzae
Chinese Gray Shrike Kinavarsler Lanius sphenocercus
Gray-backed Shrike Tefravarsler Lanius tephronotus
Tiger Shrike Tigervarsler Lanius tigrinus
Gray-capped Shrike Bergvarsler Lanius validirostris
Bay-backed Shrike Indiavarsler Lanius vittatus


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