Our Beautiful World

Whales and dolphines

working on this page. Translation to english and norwegian ongoing,
will later split into two separate pages.

All videos on this page is from http://www.arkive.org
Norsk navn English name Latin Cetacea Length, Where to find them.
Andrewsspisshval Andrew's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon bowdoini 5m, Southern oceans
Arktisk vågehval, Sørlig
ARKive video - Antarctic minke whale - overview
Antarctic minke whale Balaenoptera bonaerensis  
ARKive video - Arnoux's beaked whale - overview
Arnoux's Beaked Whale Berardius arnouxi 12m, Southern oceans
Bahamondespisshval Bahamonde's Beaked Whale
also Spade Toothed Whale
Mesoplodon traversii / bahamondi
Bairdnebbhval Baird's Beaked Whale Berardius bairdi 12m, Southern oceans
Blainvillespisshval Blainville's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon densirostris 4.5m, Tropican and temperate

Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus) with the vulcano Pico Island, Azores, in the background
photo: Frank Wirth, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Blauwal01.jpg
ARKive video - Blue whale- overview
Blue whale Balaenoptera musculus, 30m, not Arctic, but elsewhere
ARKive video - Bryde's whale - overview
Bryde's Whale Balaenoptera brydei / edeni 15m, tropical and temperate zones
Buespisshval Hubb's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon carlhubbsi 5m, Northern Pacific
Cuviernebbhval / Småhodehval Cuvier's Beaked Whale Ziphius cavirostris
Dvergbrydehval / Edens hval Balaenoptera edeni  
Dvergretthval Pygmy Right Whale Eubalaena marginata 6m, Southern oceans
Dvergspermhval Pygmy Sperm Whale Kogia breviceps 4m, Tropical, Temperate zones
Dvergspisshval Lesser Beaked Whale
also Pygmy Beaked Whale
Mesoplodon peruvianus

A view of the Fin Whale's distinctive paired blowholes http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fin_Whale
Finnhval Fin whale Balaenoptera physalus 25m, Antarctic, Arctic, N&S of 30°
Gervaisspisshval Gervai's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon europaeus
Ginkgospisshval Ginkgo-toothed Beaked Whale Mesoplodon ginkgodens
Grayspisshval / Camperdownhval Gray's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon grayi
ARKive video - Short-finned pilot whale - overview
Short-Finned Pilot Whale Globicephala macrorhynchus Atlantic Ocean
Grindhval ARKive video - Long-finned pilot whales surfacingLong-Finned Pilot Whale Globicephala melaena / melas 8m, Atlantic Ocean

A young western gray whale off the coast of Sakhalin Island, Russia
Photo: D. Weller
Gråhval Gray / Grey whale Echrichtius robustus Arctic to temp.north. Pacific
ARKive video - Bowhead whale - overview
Bowhead whale Balaena / Eubalaena mysticetus 19m, Arctic, near ice.
Hectorsspisshval Hector's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon hectori
Hvithval Beluga / White Whale Delphinapterus leucas 5m, Arctic oceans, North.Atlantic

ARKive video - Humpback whales fin slapping, tail lobbing and breaching 
Humpback whale
ARKive video - Humpback whales bubble-net feeding
Megaptera novaeangliae, 15m, Summer tropical, winter N&S
Layardspisshval Strap-toothed Whale
 also Layard's Beaked Whale
Mesoplodon layardi
Liten dvergspermhval Dwarf Sperm Whale Kogia simus
Longmanspisshval Longman's Beaked Whale
also Indo Pacific Beaked Whale
             Tropical Bottlenose Whale
Mesoplodon pacificus
Narhval Nar whale Monodon monoceros 4.5m, Tooth 2.4m, North Atlantic
Nebbhval Northern Bottlenose Whale Hyperoodon ampullatus

Northern Right Whale, Eubalaena glacialis
Photo: Center for Coastal Studies

Northern Right Whales, Eubalaena glacialis
Photo: NOAA






Nordkaper Northern Right Whale Eubalaena glacialis / biscayensis Temperate zones
Omura dvergbrydehval Omura dvergbrydehval  
Perrinspisshval Perrin's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon perrini

ARKive video - Sei whale hunting fish
Sei Whale Balaenoptera borealis 19m, all over, seldom Arct. & Antarc.
Shepherdnebbhval / Tasmanhval Shepherd's Bealed Whale Tasmacetus shepherdi
Killer Whale spyhopping and Killer Whale Pod (Orcinus orca)
Photo: NOAA

Killer Whale Orcinus orca 10m, all over
Smermhval Sperm Whale Physeter macrocephalus /catadon 19m, all over
Spisshval Sowerby's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon bidens
Stejnegerspisshval Stejneger's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon stejnegeri
Sørnebbhval Southern Bottlenose Whale Hyperoodon planifrons

Southern right whale, Eubalaena australis
Photo: Michaël CATANZARITI
Sørlig retthval
ARKive species - Southern right whale (Eubalaena australis)
Southern Right Whale Eubalaena australis
Truespisshval True's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon mirus
Vågehval, (Balaenoptera acutrostrata),
Minke whale, Belyaka Spit, Russia
Vågehval Minke whale Balaenoptera acutorostratus, 10m, Northern oceans


Hvaler - Cetacea
Bardehvaler, Mysticeti
Tannhvaler, Odontoceti
Retthvaler, Balaena
Sørlig retthval, Eubalaena australis
Nordkaperen, Eubalaena glacialis

Dverg-retthval, Eubalaena marginata
/ Caperea
Grønlandshval, Eubalaena mysticetus

Delfiner, Delphinidae

Hvitbukdelfin, Cephalorhynchus albiventris
Vanlig delfin, langsnutet, Delphinus capensis
Commersondelfin, Cephalorhynchus commersoni
Vanlig delfin, kortnutet, Delphinus delphis
Chiledelfin, Cephalorhynchus å
Heavisidedelfin, Cephalorhynchus heavisidei
Hektordelfin, Cephalorhynchus hectori
Tropisk delfin, Delphinus tropicalis
Dvergspekkhogger, Feresa attenuata
Sørlig grindhval, Globicephala edwardi

Grindhval, Globicephala melas / melaena
Kortfinnegrindhval, Globicephala macrorhynchus
Grindhval 3, Globicephala scammoni

Rissodelfin, Grampus griseus
Sarawakdelfin / Borneodelfin, Lagenodelphis hosei
Kvitskjeving, Lagenorhynchus acutus
Kvitnos, Lagenorhynchus albirostris
Pealedelfin, Lagenorhynchus australis
Korsdelfin, Lagenorhynchus cruciger
Brednebbdelfin, Lagenorhynchus electra
Mørkdelfin, Lagenorhynchus obscurus
Kortsnutedelfin, Lagenorhynchus obliquidens
Falklandsdelfin, Lagenorhynchus thicolea
Nordlig slettdelfin, Lissodelphis borealis
Sørlig slettdelfin, Lissodelphis peroni
Svart finneløs nise, Neophocaena phocaenoides
Irrawaddydelfin 1, Orcaella brevirostris
Irrawaddydelfin 2, Orcaella ... (saltwater)
Spekkhogger, Orcinus orca
Melonhodedelfin, Peponocephala electra
Falsk spekkhogger, Pseudorca crassidens
Bornedodelfin, Sotalia borneensis
Kinesisk hvitdelfin, Sotalia chinensis
Brasildeltadelfin, Sotalia fluviatilis
Blyfarget delfin, Sotalia plumbea
Flekkdelfin, Sotalia lentiginosa
Guianadelfin, Sotalia guianensis /brasiliensis
Amasondelfin, Sotalia pallida
S.fluviatilis, S.tucuxi (mørke varianter)
Kamerundelfin, Sotalia teuszi
Uten navn (kopea), Stenella asthenops
Hvitflekkdelfin, Stenella attenuata
Stripedelfin, Stenella coeruleoalba (Caeruleoalba)
Clymenedelfin, Stenella clymene
uten navn (borda), Stenella dubia
Flekkdelfin (Bisseldelfin), Stenella frontalis
uten navn (verdkabia), Stenella frontalis
uten navn (meksikia), Stenella graffmani
Skruedelfin, Stenella longirostris /
Delphinus reseiventris

Flekkdelfin, Stenella plagiodon
Rutannet delfin, Steno bredanensis,
Tumler, Tursiops truncatus
uten navn 1 (kurba), Tursiops aduncus
uten navn 2, Tursiops gilla
utennavn 3, Tursiops, nuuna

Gråhvaler, Eschrichtiidae
Gråhval, gray, Echrichtius robustus
Finnhvaler, Balaenopteridae
Vågehval, Balaenoptera acutorostratus,
Arktisk vågehval, Sørlig .., Balaenoptera bonaerensis
Seihval, Balaenoptera borealis,
Brydehval, Balaenoptera brydei
Dvergbrydehval / Edens hval, Balaenoptera edeni
Omura dvergbrydehval, Balaenoptera omurai
Blåhval,Balaenoptera musculus,
Finnhval, Balaenoptera physalus
Knølhval, Megaptera novaeangliae
Tannhvaler, Odontoceti
Spermasetthvaler, Physeteridae
Smermhval, Physeter macrocephalus /catadon
Dvergspermhval, Kogia breviceps

Liten dvergspermhval, Kogia simus

Hvithval og Narhvaler, Monodontinae
Hvithval, Delphinapterus leucas
Narhval, Monodon monoceros
Elvedelfiner, Platanistidae
Amazonasdelfin (Boto/bufeo), Inia geoffrensis
Hvitflaggdelfin / Asiadelfin, Lipotes vexillifer
Gangesdelfin (Susu), Platanista gangetica
Indusdelfin, Platanista minor
La-Platadelfin, Pontoporia blainvillei
Nebbhvaler, Ziphiidae
Spisshval, Mesoplodon bidens
Andrewsspisshval, Mesoplodon bowdoini
Buespisshval, Mesoplodon carlhubbsi
Blainvillespisshval, Mesoplodon densirostris
Gervaisspisshval, Mesoplodon europaeus
Ginkgospisshval, Mesoplodon ginkgodens
Grayspisshval (Camperdownhval), Mesoplodon grayi
Hectorsspisshval, Mesoplodon hectori
Layardspisshval, Mesoplodon layardi
Truesisshval, Mesoplodon mirus
Longmanspisshval, Mesoplodon pacificus
Perrinspisshval, Mesoplodon perrini
Dvergspisshval, Mesoplodon peruvianus
Stejnegerspisshval, Mesoplodon stejnegeri
Bahamondespisshval, Mesoplodon traversii / bahamondi
Arnouxnebbhval, Berardius arnouxi
Bairdnebbhval, Berardius bairdi
Nebbhval, Hyperoodon ampullatus
Sørnebbhval, Hyperoodon planifrons
Tasmanhval / Shepherdnebbhval, Tasmacetus shepherdi
Cuviernebbhval / Småhodehval, Ziphius cavirostris

Niser, Phocoenidae
Indianise, Neophocaena phocaenoides

Brillenise, Phocaena dioptrica
Nise, Phocaena phocaena
Kalifornianise, Phocaena sinus
Svartnise, Phocaena spinipinnis

Stillehavsnise, Phocoenoides dalli
Trues nise, Phocoenoides truei

Tasmacetus shepherdi — Shepherd's Beaked Whale, Tasman Beaked Whale
Although the geographic range of this species is not clearly known, Tasmacetus shepherdi (Shepherd's beaked whale, Tasman whale) probably has a circumpolar distribution in temperate waters of the southern hemisphere. All known specimens have been found on beaches in New Zealand, Australia, Brazil, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina, Chile, and the Galapagos Islands (Evans 1987, Tinker 1988). Length 6-7 m

Beluga whales in the Beaufort Sea.
Photo: NOAA Fisheries, National Marine Mammal Laboratory

Omura dvergbrydehval, Balaenoptera omurai
I november 2003 ble det oppdaget en ny finnhvalart, som inntil videre har fått det vitenskapelige navnet Balaenoptera omurai (etter den japanske forskern Omura som oppdaget den). Denne arten er mindre enn de tradisjonelle finnhvalene, som den ellers ligner på. Tidligere har man trodd at dette var en hval som ikke var fullt utvokst, men etter funn gjort i indo-stillehavsområdet slo forskerne fast at det var snakk om en ny og mindre art, som ennå ikke har fått et tradisjonelt navn.

DNA-studier viser at Omuras dvergbrydehval, dvergbrydehval og brydehval er individuelt nærmere beslektet med seihval enn de er med hverandre. Den samme analysen viser også at Balaenoptera omurai kanskje må klassifiseres som en egen art, i det denne hvalen skiller seg på vesentlige punkter fra de to andre brydene, blant annet gjennom distinkte forskjeller i både DNA-profilen og morfologi. Omuras dvergbrydehval viser blant annet forskjell i kraniets struktur og (kanskje spesielt) den har færre bardeplater.

Flere forskere har i senere tid advart sterkt mot å inndele dyr i flere arter enn strengt talt nødvendig, slik tendensen har vært de siste årene. Dette ar bakgrunn i at moderne teknologi i større grad finner forskjeller som gjør det mulig å dele dyr inn i flere arter enn tidligere, men det hersker stor uenighet omkring hvor grensene for artsdannelse skal trekkes.


over 250


over 500


over 225
Web www.vulkaner.no

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