Our Beautiful World
Lake Tianchi (Sky Lake)
Covering a total area of 2000 square km, Changbai Mountains National Reserve is, as a mammoth natural zoo
and botanical garden, part of the UNESCO's Man and Biosphere Program.
The Tianchi Lake (Heaven Lake), vertical scenery, aerial park, Hot Springs, and waterfalls are among the six local
natural wonders. The mountains, covered with primitive forests, make an excellent tourist destination. It would be difficult to find a Korean (either from the South or the North) who hasn't heard of Baekdu Mountain.
It is regarded as the most sacred peak of the Korean Peninsula, and Koreans believe it to be the location of the
Frankly speaking, Baekdu Mountain was bound to be famous. At
the very least because it's the highest peak in Korea.
The area is a known habitat for tigers,
wolves, and wild
boars. Deer in the mountain forests,
The tree species Pinus koraiensis is commonly called
Korean Pine. It is native to eastern Asia, Korea, Manchuria,
koraiensis, it is a member of the
white pine group, Pinus subgenus Strobus, and like all
members of that group,
Phellodendron amurense Rupr. is a species of tree
in the family Rutaceae, commonly called the Amur cork tree.
Native to eastern Asia; northern China, Manchuria, Korea, Ussuri,
Amur, and Japan, the Amur cork tree is considered
It is very resistant to frost, but is not tolerant to drought.
Selections vary, but as a species it has strong resistance to
The Japanese Red Pine, Pinus
densiflora, has a home range that includes Japan,
The leaves are needle-like, 812 cm long, with two per fascicle. The cones are 47 cm long.
In Japan it is known as Akamatsu
("red pine") and Mematsu. It is widely cultivated in
Manchurian Fir, Abies holophylla,
also called Needle Fir, is a species of fir native to
It is an evergreen coniferous tree
growing to 30 m tall and 1 m in trunk diameter with
It is a medium-sized to large deciduous
tree reaching 30 m tall, with a trunk up to 50 cm
It is tolerant of many soil conditions
including the wet soils of swamps and river valleys,
The seeds are eaten by a wide variety
The kiwifruit, often shortened to kiwi in many parts of the world, is the edible berry of a cultivar group of the woody vine Actinidia deliciosa and hybrids between this and other species in the genus Actinidia.
The most common cultivars of kiwifruit are oval,
about the size of a large hen's egg (58 cm / 23 in long
and 4.55.5 cm / 1¾2 in diameter). It has a fibrous,
dull brown-green skin and bright green or golden flesh with rows
of tiny, black, edible seeds. The fruit has a soft texture and a
Also known as the Chinese gooseberry, the fruit
was renamed for export marketing reasons in the 1950s;
The importer in the US, Ziel & Co in San Francisco
suggested that the old name of Chinese Gooseberry was unsuitable,
recommending instead a short, Maori name. Jack Turner initiated
the name "kiwifruit" around 1962
Actinidia deliciosa is native to Southern
China. Originally known as Yang Tao, it is declared as the "National
The familiar cultivar Actinidia deliciosa
'Hayward' was developed by Hayward Wright in Avondale, New Zealand
Like most species in the genus this member is poisonous,
with alkaloids present in its tissues and seeds causing
Its widespread in China, occuring in moist
shaded forests in Gansu, Heilongjiang, Hubei, Jilin, Liaoning, Shaanxi,
Shanxi, Sichuan provinces.
Wild sika deer, Cervus nippon, by a river in Shiretoko Peninsula, Hokkaido, Japan
The Sika Deer, Cervus nippon, also known as the Spotted Deer or the Japanese Deer, is a species of deer native
to much of East Asia, which is also introduced to various other parts of the world. It was previously found from
Vietnam to the south and Russia to the north. Their name comes from shika, the Japanese word for "deer".
The overwhelming majority of more than 300 kinds of vertebrate animals of Changbai Mountain inhabit here, including
mammals such as Siberian tiger, Panthera tigris altaica, sika deer, Cervus nippon, red deer, Cervus elaphus,
wild boar, and Asiatic black bear, Ursus thibetanus.
A Siberian tiger, Panthera tigris altaica, in the zoological garden of the citadel of Besançon
Photo: Gilles PRETET
Ursus thibetanus, Asiatic black bear, Tangjiahe National Nature Reserve
Photo: David Blank
Deutsch: Sibirischer Tiger, Amurtiger · English: Siberian Tiger, Amur Tiger · Español: Tigre siberiano, Tigre de Amur · Français : Tigre de Sibérie, Tigre de l'Amour · Italiano: Tigre siberiana · Lietuviu: Amurinis tigras ·· Polski: Tygrys syberyjski · Português: Tigre-siberiano ·· Svenska: Sibirisk tiger · Türkçe: Sibirya kaplani ·
Siberian tigers are majestic creatures. They are also called the Amur, Manchurian and Amba tiger.
Their coat is striped, yellow-orange in color and has white on its tail, underside, back and legs.
The males have ruffs of fur around their cheeks. They also love the water and are very strong swimmers.
Siberian tigers are usually solitaire animals except when mating, and their roar can be heard over a mile away.
Males are about 700lbs and about ten feet long from nose to tail. Females on the other hand weigh about 450lbs
and average a length of eight feet. In the wild, Siberian tigers live for about fifteen years, but in captivity they live longer,
to about twenty-five years.
Siberian Tiger, July 2005
Source Eva Hejda Siberian tigers live in eastern Russia, northeastern China and northeastern Manchuria. They also live along the coastline
of Siberia where they can withstand temperatures of up to -40°F, but usually stay around -4°F.
Siberian tigers prefer cool temperatures. Even during the cold climate in the winter, the tiger is very active.
In the warm months the weather is cool in the northern range and temperate in the lower range of Manchuria.
They live in both coniferous and deciduous forests, but prefer areas with tall grass for hunting.
These tigers are native to the Amur-Ussuri region of Russia.
Text from: http://bioweb.uwlax.edu/bio203/s2007/salus_crys/
The coniferous forest zone is above the mixed coniferous and
broad leaved forest zone, at an altitude of 1, 000-1, 700 m,
where temperatures drop significantly, and the humidity of the
air varies greatly, resulting in cold winters and cool
Sables are sexually dimorphic: males measure 3856 cm in
body length, with a tail measuring 912 cm,
Birds such as tridentate woodpecker and black grouse, reptiles
like snake and Amur rat-snake, and amphibians like Japanese
tree frog, Hyla japonica, and Rana chensinensis
The birch, betula ermanii, forest zone is situated
above the coniferous forest zone, at an altitude of 1, 700-2,
The inhabitants include mammals such as plateau pika,
Ochotona curzoniae, birds such as tit and warbler,
The Asiatic Grass Frog or Chinese Brown Frog, Rana chensinensis,
is a species of frog in the Ranidae family.
The alpine tundra zone
The alpine tundra zone is situated above the birch forest zone,
at an altitude of 2, 000 m at the mid-upper part of the
volcanic cone on Changbai
Mountain, where weather turning wicked, the distribution
of the plants getting sparse
These birds have very short legs which they use only for clinging
to vertical surfaces. The scientific name comes from the Greek,
apous, meaning "without feet". They never settle
voluntarily on the ground. Pacific Swifts spend most of their
These swifts build their nests on cliffs, laying 2-3 eggs. A
swift will return to the same site year after year,
Pacific Swifts are similar in size to Common Swift, and they
are black except for a white rump. They can be distinguished
And you can read a lot more about this beautiful spot in China,