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Bald eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Bald eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus
Photo: Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, USGS

Bald eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus
Length: 75cm (32 inches) Wingspan: 2 m (80 inches)
Sexes similar
Very large, broad-winged, broad-tailed hawk
Rounded wings, thick, hooked bill
Plucks fish from water with talons

White head and upper neck (left picture)
White tail , dark brown body plumage, yellow bill

Immature: Dark bill and dark cere (next two pictures)
Dark brown body plumage, including head and tail
Variable amounts of white on underwing coverts, belly, and back
White head and tail, and dark underwings are gradually acquired in four years

Nest and Eggs: The Bald Eagle builds its large nest in large trees from 20 to 90 feet above
ground so situated that they have a wide view of the surrounding countryside.
Sometimes they make their nests in niches of rocky cliffs. The nest is a large roughly, built matter
of good sized sticks, roots seaweed, bits of turf, vine or plant stalks and lined with roots or grass.
Year after year the same pair of Eagles occupy the nest, making slight repairs to it each spring.

The eggs are incubated for about thirty days and the eagle raise only one brood a season.
When hatched the baby Eagles are covered with a whitish down but they acquire their first
plumage before they fly. Bald Eagles mate for life and apparently they are very fond of each other.
After mating the female usually lays two eggs ivory white with a granular surface: It does happen
but rarely they will lay three eggs. Very early in the season the pair of eagles undertake family

Text above from Arctic Wildlife, By Fred J. Kane

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