Our Beautiful World

Volcanoes of Yunnan, China

Photo: http://explorevolcanoesnow.com/asian-volcanoes/east-asia/taiwan/tengchong-taiwan/

On the winding road between Baoshan, about 530 kilometres away from Kunming, capital of Southwest China's
Yunnan Province, and Tengchong, you can see some dormant volcanoes around Tengchong in western Yunnan.

"They are the three most well-known dormant volcanoes near Tengchong,

Black Mountain (?)
Photo: http://www.yunnanadventure.com/YunnanGuide/Cluster-of-Volcanoes-in-Tengchong-Tengchong.html

The highest mountain is called Dakongshan, or the Mountain of the Big Hollow, as it has a deep central crater
left by an eruption. The other two mountains are called Xiaokongshan,
the Mountain of the Small Hollow, and Heikongshan, the Mountain of the Black Hollow.

Standing on top of these volcanoes, which have been dormant for 380 years, visitors can easily understand the
local saying, "On the land of Tengchong, nine out of 10 mountains are flat on top."

There are 97 dormant volcanoes in Tengchong. Twenty-three volcanoes with intact craters are clustered in
Heshun and Mazhan townships. These volcanoes feature such various landscapes as volcanic barrier lakes,
crater lakes, lava cascades and giant lava springs.

There are a dozen volcano lakes in Tengchong, among them the most famous one is the Sister
Lake. Coal-black volcano rocks around the lake seem to float on the water like lotus leaves.

Hot springs

Photo: http://springyunnan.com/html/article/37.html

Although Tengchong's volcanoes have been sleeping for centuries, people can hear their snore and feel their
breath while they visit the hot springs scattered around Tengchong.

Lying on the border between China and Myanmar, Tengchong boasts one of the country's
most concentrated distribution of geothermal resources. There are more than 100 hot springs,
varying in scale and appearance, some boiling, some warm. Ten kilometres from the county town of Tengchong
is Rehai, or the Hot Sea, which is a famous scenic attraction in Tengchong. Scattered in an area of about
nine square kilometres, this group of hot springs show diverse geothermal scenes.

Postcard showing Tengchong ( Teng-yueh) geothermal area in 1997

The best known is the Big Boiling Pot; the water reaches 96 degrees Celsius.
Visitors can taste stuffed buns and tea-simmered eggs that have been steamed by the spring's water.

Many hot springs have interesting names, such as the Frog Mouth, the Lion Head, the Drum-Beat Spring,
the Pregnancy-Inducing Fountain, the Immortal Bath Tub, and the Pond of Beauties.

Some of the names have interesting stories behind them, too. The Pregnancy-inducing Fountain got its name
because its water is believed by the locals to be able to treat women's illnesses, including sterility.

Photo: http://www.echinaromance.com/destinations/tengchong_scenicspots1.htm

At present working with the material below, and will make more pages with different themes withing soon.
Right now waiting for copyright-permissions to illustrate the pages.,

The county abounds in geothermal energy. There are over 80 steaming fountain hot streams and boiling fountains.
Ten of them spout hot water of 90 C and upward. The county can, in a sense, be said to be a geothermal museum.
The climate of Tengchong belongs to a subtropical, mountainous type. The annual temperature averages 14.7 C and the rainfall 1,425 mm.
Generally speaking, the climate is agreeable. A proverb says, "There is neither sweltering summer nor severe winter in
Tenchaong, but a raining day brings the temperature down."


Flora and fauna
The Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Yunnan province, China. It lies within the
drainage basins of the upper reaches of the Yangtze (Jinsha), Mekong (Lancang) and Salween (Nujiang) rivers, in the Yunnanese section
of the Hengduan Mountains.

According to UNESCO "The area covered by the World Heritage site is claimed to be the most biodiverse and least disturbed temperate
ecosystems in the world".

The protected terrestrial ecoregion areas of this biodiversity hotspot are for a large part covered with both temperate coniferous and
broadleaf forests. The protected areas are home to around 6,000 species of plants, many of which are endemic to the region.
More than 200 varieties of Rhododendron and more than 100 species of Gentians and Primulas are found in the areas.

The fauna found in the areas includes 173 species of mammals, of which 81 are endemic, and 417 species of birds, of which 22 are endemic.
Some of the mammals which inhabit these regions are the endemic Black Snub-nosed Monkey, the Indian Leopard, Snow Leopard, and
Clouded Leopard; the Gaoligong Pika, Gongshan muntjac, Chinese Shrew Mole, and Capped Langur; the Stump-tailed Macaque,
Asiatic Wild Dog, Black Musk Deer, and Takin; the Smooth-coated Otter, Hoolock gibbon, Asian Black Bear and Red Panda.

Rare bird species in the areas include Chestnut-throated Partridge, the Lady Amherst's pheasant, White-eared Pheasant, Yunnan Nuthatch,
and Giant Nuthatch; the White-speckled Laughingthrush, Ferruginous Duck, Severtzov's Grouse, and Brown-winged Parrotbill; the Ward's
Trogon, Black-necked Crane and Verreaux's Monal-Partridge.



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