List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable D2 ver.3.1
Year assessed: 2010
This species is classified as Vulnerable because it is restricted
to one extremely small island group and hence is susceptible
to stochastic events and human activities. Population trends
are not clear, but if it is shown to be undergoing any decline,
as is happening in some congeners, the species should be uplisted
to Critically Endangered.
1988 Lower Risk/least concern
robustus. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Version 2010.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>.
Downloaded on 26 September 2010
The Snares Penguin, Eudyptes robustus,
also known as the Snares Crested Penguin and the Snares Islands Penguin,
is a penguin from New Zealand. The species breeds on The
Snares, a group of islands off the southern coast of the South
This is a medium-small, yellow-crested penguin, at a size of 50-70
cm (20-28 in) and a weight of 2.54 kg (5.5-8.8 lbs).
It has dark blue-black upperparts and white underparts. It has a
bright yellow eyebrow-stripe which extends over the eye
to form a drooping, bushy crest. It has bare pink skin at the base
of its large red-brown bill.
of NE Island with Penguins
This penguin nests in small (10 nests) to large (1200 nests) colonies
under forest cover or the open.
Main colonies are located on North East Island, other colonies are
established on Broughton Island as well
as the rocky Western Chain.
The Snares penguins' main prey is krill (~60% of diet), supplemented
by squid (~20%) and small fish (~20%).
Penguin Climbing Cliff
The species is currently rated as 'vulnerable' by the IUCN as its
breeding range is restricted to one small island group.
The current population is estimated at around 30,000 breeding pairs.
Text from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snares_Penguin
Assembled on Rocks near Sea
Islands seen from the north-east, with Broughton Island on the left
and Dapton Rocks on the right
Snares Islands/Tini Heke (also known as The Snares) is a small island
group approximately 200 kilometres south of
New Zealand's South Island. The Snares consist of the main island
North East Island and the smaller Broughton Island
as well as the somewhat isolated Western Chain Islands approx 5
km (3.1 mi) to the WSW.
As a group of islands, the Snares cover a total of approximately
3.5 km2 (1.35 sq mi).
Islands, standing on the North Eastern End, looking South - across
Punui Bay, Ho Ho Bay, Mollymawk Bay
then Broughton Island - the southernmost wooded land - in the distance
The islands are home of endemic bird species such as the Snares
Penguin, Eudyptes robustus and the Snares Island Snipe
(Coenocorypha aucklandica heugli) as well as several endemic invertebrates.
North East Island is forested and is the world's
premier breeding area for the Sooty Shearwater (Puffinus griseus)
with up to 3 million individuals being present during the
breeding season (November-April). A dangerous reef (Seal Reef) lies
ten kilometres to the south of the group.
Megaherb communities grow on the islands.
megaherb community on Campbell Island, one of the sub-Antarctic
islands of New Zealand.
The yellow flowers and strap-like leaves are Bulbinella rossii,
the Ross Lily,
while the pink flowers are those of the Campbell Island Carrot,
Some flower clusters can be up to 60 cm wide and 1,5m tall.
for Snares Islands: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snares_Islands/Tini_Heke