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Snares Island Penguin, Eudyptes robustus    
Snares Crested Penguin

Snares Island Penguin  Snares pingvin  Snares Kuifpinguïn    Gorfou des Iles Snares Snares-Dickschnabelpinguin
  Snarespingvin  Pinguino de las Snares

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable D2 ver.3.1
Year assessed: 2010

This species is classified as Vulnerable because it is restricted to one extremely small island group and hence is susceptible to stochastic events and human activities. Population trends are not clear, but if it is shown to be undergoing any decline, as is happening in some congeners, the species should be uplisted to Critically Endangered.
2008 – Vulnerable
2005 – Vulnerable
2004 – Vulnerable
2000 – Vulnerable
1994 – Vulnerable
1988 – Lower Risk/least concern

2010. Eudyptes robustus. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>.
Downloaded on 26 September 2010


The Snares Penguin, Eudyptes robustus, also known as the Snares Crested Penguin and the Snares Islands Penguin,
is a penguin from New Zealand. The species breeds on The Snares, a group of islands off the southern coast of the South Island.

This is a medium-small, yellow-crested penguin, at a size of 50-70 cm (20-28 in) and a weight of 2.5–4 kg (5.5-8.8 lbs).
It has dark blue-black upperparts and white underparts. It has a bright yellow eyebrow-stripe which extends over the eye
to form a drooping, bushy crest. It has bare pink skin at the base of its large red-brown bill.

Coast of NE Island with Penguins
© www.photovolcanica.com

This penguin nests in small (10 nests) to large (1200 nests) colonies under forest cover or the open.
Main colonies are located on North East Island, other colonies are established on Broughton Island as well
as the rocky Western Chain.

The Snares penguins' main prey is krill (~60% of diet), supplemented by squid (~20%) and small fish (~20%).

Snares Penguin Climbing Cliff
© www.photovolcanica.com

The species is currently rated as 'vulnerable' by the IUCN as its breeding range is restricted to one small island group.
The current population is estimated at around 30,000 breeding pairs.

Text from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snares_Penguin

Snares Penguin Assembled on Rocks near Sea
© www.photovolcanica.com

Snares Islands

Snares Islands seen from the north-east, with Broughton Island on the left and Dapton Rocks on the right

Snares Islands/Tini Heke (also known as The Snares) is a small island group approximately 200 kilometres south of
New Zealand's South Island. The Snares consist of the main island North East Island and the smaller Broughton Island
as well as the somewhat isolated Western Chain Islands approx 5 km (3.1 mi) to the WSW.
As a group of islands, the Snares cover a total of approximately 3.5 km2 (1.35 sq mi).

Snares Islands, standing on the North Eastern End, looking South - across Punui Bay, Ho Ho Bay, Mollymawk Bay
then Broughton Island - the southernmost wooded land - in the distance

The islands are home of endemic bird species such as the Snares Penguin, Eudyptes robustus and the Snares Island Snipe
(Coenocorypha aucklandica heugli) as well as several endemic invertebrates. North East Island is forested and is the world's
premier breeding area for the Sooty Shearwater (Puffinus griseus) with up to 3 million individuals being present during the
breeding season (November-April). A dangerous reef (Seal Reef) lies ten kilometres to the south of the group.
Megaherb communities grow on the islands.

A megaherb community on Campbell Island, one of the sub-Antarctic islands of New Zealand.
The yellow flowers and strap-like leaves are Bulbinella rossii, the Ross Lily,
while the pink flowers are those of the Campbell Island Carrot, Anisotome latifolia.
Some flower clusters can be up to 60 cm wide and 1,5m tall.


Text for Snares Islands: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snares_Islands/Tini_Heke


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