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White-flippered Penguin, Eudyptula minor albosignata   

White-flippered Penguin  Blå pingvin  Witvleugelige dwergpinguïn    Manchot à ailerons blancs Weissflügel-pinguin

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The White-flippered Penguin, Eudyptula minor albosignata, is a small penguin about 30 cm tall and weighing 1.5 kg.
It gains its name from the white markings on its flippers, unique to the subspecies. It nests only on Banks Peninsula and
Motunau Island, on the Banks Peninsula near Canterbury, New Zealand, with only around 3,750 breeding pairs.
They live in headlands, caves, rock jumbles. and in the sheltered areas at the bases of bays.

Courtesy: http://www.photovolcanica.com

White-flippered Penguins are primarily nocturnal animals on land and are unique among penguins in this respect.
They differ from other penguins in that they stay with the colony during the day, and then leave the leave under the cover
of darkness and then return before dawn. In the evening, birds tend to assemble offshore in groups until light levels are low enough
for them to head inland. This results in large batches of birds arriving all at once.

Courtesy: http://www.photovolcanica.com

These little penguins are regarded as quite aggressive. They have two main aggressive stances. Once it is in its stance it will ether
growl or bray to emphasize the stance. If two or more penguins get in a fight the end result will usually end in severe damage to
the beak eyes and face. The penguins almost never attack toward the chest or stomach.

The White-flippered Penguin lays its eggs from July to December, with the most egg-laying occurring August through November.
The eggs are always laid in burrows of tree brush almost like nests, they are also laid in dunes, or on vegetated slopes,
and are incubated for 33 to 39 days. chicks fledge after 50 to 65 days.

Courtesy: http://www.photovolcanica.com

The White-flippered Penguin feeds on small shoaling fish such as pilchards and anchovies or cephalopods,
and less often on crustaceans. It catches its food by pursuit diving.Most feeding takes place within 25 km of the coast
with daily round trips.the farthest trip out to sea for food was at 75 km off shore.
Text mainly from Wikipedia

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