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Swifts, Apodidae

Order: Apodiformes
Family: Apodidae

The swifts are a family, Apodidae, of highly aerial birds. They are superficially similar to swallows, but are actually not closely related to passerine species at all; swifts are in the separate order Apodiformes, which they share with hummingbirds. The treeswifts are closely related to the true swifts, but form a separate family, the Hemiprocnidae.

The resemblances between swifts and swallows are due to convergent evolution, reflecting similar life styles based on catching insects in flight.

The family scientific name comes from the Ancient Greek ap???, apous, meaning "without feet", since swifts have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, clinging instead to vertical surfaces. The tradition of depicting swifts without feet continued into the Middle Ages, as seen in the heraldic martlet.

Tribe Cypseloidini
Genus Cypseloides
English Norsk Latin
Spot-fronted Swift Hvitflekkseiler Cypseloides cherriei
White-chinned Swift Blekhakeseiler Cypseloides cryptus
Sooty Swift Sotseiler Cypseloides fumigatus
White-chested Swift Hvitbrystseiler Cypseloides lemosi
Black Swift Svartseiler Cypseloides niger
Tepui Swift Tepuiseiler Cypseloides phelpsi
Rothschild's (Giant) Swift Saltaseiler Cypseloides rothschildi
Great Dusky Swift Fosseseiler Cypseloides senex
White-fronted Swift Mestisseiler Cypseloides storeri
Genus Streptoprocne (3-4 species)
  Biscutate Swift, Streptoprocne biscutata
  Tepui Swift, Streptoprocne phelpsi
  White-naped Swift, Streptoprocne semicollaris
  White-collared Swift, Streptoprocne zonaris
  Chestnut-collared Swift, Streptoprocne rutila

Tribe Collocaliini - swiftlets
Genus Collocalia
  Glossy Swiftlet, Collocalia esculenta
      Grey-rumped Swiftlet, Collocalia esculenta marginata
      Christmas Island Swiftlet, Collocalia esculenta natalis

  Cave Swiftlet, Collocalia linchi
  Pygmy Swiftlet, Collocalia troglodytes
Genus Aerodramus
(sometimes included in Collocalia)
Engelsk Norsk Latinsk
Mariana (Guam) Swiftlet Marianesalangan Aerodramus bartschi
Himalayan Swiftlet Orientsalangan Aerodramus brevirostris
Seychelles Swiftlet Seychellsalangan Aerodramus elaphrus
Mascarene Swiftlet Maskarenesalangan Aerodramus francicus
Edible-nest Swiftlet Reirsuppesalangan Aerodramus fuciphagus
German's Swiftlet Kystsalangan Aerodramus germani
Mountain Swiftlet Bergsalangan Aerodramus hirundinaceus
Moluccan Swiftlet Wallaceasalangan Aerodramus infuscatus
Caroline Islands (Micronesian) Swiftlet Karolinesalangan Aerodramus inquietus
Polynesian (Tahiti) Swiftlet Tahitisalangan Aerodramus leucophaeus
Black-nest Swiftlet Malaysalangan Aerodramus maximus
Philippine Swiftlet Filippinersalangan Aerodramus mearnsi
Bare-legged Swiftlet Nakenbeinsalangan Aerodramus nuditarsus
Marquesan Swiftlet Marquesassalangan Aerodramus ocistus
Mayr's Swiftlet Enigmasalangan Aerodramus orientalis
Palawan Swiftlet Palawansalangan Aerodramus palawanensis
Papuan Swiftlet Papuasalangan Aerodramus papuensis
Palau Swiftlet Palausalangan Aerodramus pelewensis
Indochinese Swiftlet Karenersalangan Aerodramus rogersi
Mossy-nest Swiftlet Sundasalangan Aerodramus salangana
Atiu Swiftlet Atiusalangan Aerodramus sawtelli
White-rumped Swiftlet Melanesiasalangan Aerodramus spodiopygius
Australian Swiftlet Australsalangan Aerodramus terraereginae
Indian Swiftlet Indiasalangan Aerodramus unicolor
Uniform Swiftlet Monsunsalangan Aerodramus vanikorensis
Volcano Swiftlet Vulkansalangan Aerodramus vulcanorum
Whitehead's Swiftlet Storhodesalangan Aerodramus whiteheadi
Genus Hydrochous
 Giant Swiftlet, Hydrochous gigas
Genus Schoutedenapus - African swiftlets

  Scarce Swift, Schoutedenapus myoptilus
  Schouteden's Swift, Schoutedenapus schoutedeni

Tribe Chaeturini
- needletails
Genus Mearnsia
  Philippine Spine-tailed Swift, Mearnsia picina
  Papuan Spine-tailed Swift, Mearnsia novaeguineae
Genus Zoonavena
  Madagascar Spinetail, Zoonavena grandidieri
  São Tomé Spinetail, Zoonavena thomensis
  White-rumped Spinetail, Zoonavena sylvatica
Genus Telacanthura
  Black Spinetail, Telacanthura melanopygia
  Mottled Spinetail, Telacanthura ussheri
Genus Rhaphidura
  Silver-rumped Spinetail, Rhaphidura leucopygialis
  Sabine's Spinetail, Rhaphidura sabini
Genus Neafrapus
  Böhm's Spinetail, Neafrapus boehmi
  Cassin's Spinetail, Neafrapus cassini
Genus Hirundapus
  White-throated Needletail, Hirundapus caudacutus
  Purple Needletail, Hirundapus celebensis
  Silver-backed Needletail, Hirundapus cochinchinensis
  Brown-backed Needletail, Hirundapus giganteus
Genus Chaetura

Engelsk Norsk Latinsk
Ashy-tailed Swift Askeseiler Chaetura andrei
Short-tailed Swift Korthaleseiler Chaetura brachyura
Chapman's Swift Guyanaseiler Chaetura chapmani
Gray-rumped Swift Grågumpseiler Chaetura cinereiventris
Pale-rumped Swift Selvasseiler Chaetura egregia
Costa Rican Swift Røykseiler Chaetura fumosa
Lesser Antillean Swift Antillseiler Chaetura martinica
Sick's Swift   Chaetura meridionalis
Tumbes Swift Tumbesseiler Chaetura ocypetes
Chimney Swift Skorsteinsseiler Chaetura pelagica
Band-rumped Swift Kolibriseiler Chaetura spinicaudus
Vaux's Swift Brunseiler Chaetura vauxi
Amazonian Swift   Chaetura viridipennis

Tribe Apodini - typical swifts
Genus Aeronautes (3 species)
  White-throated Swift, Aeronautes saxatalis
  White-tipped Swift, Aeronautes montivagus
  Andean Swift, Aeronautes andecolus
Genus Tachornis

  Pygmy Palm Swift, Tachornis furcata
  Neotropical Palm Swift, Tachornis squamata
  Antillean Palm Swift, Tachornis phoenicobia
Genus Panyptila
  Great Swallow-tailed Swift, Panyptila sanctihieronymi
  Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift, Panyptila cayennensis
Genus Cypsiurus

  Asian Palm Swift, Cypsiurus balasiensis
  African Palm Swift, Cypsiurus parvus
Genus Tachymarptis
  Alpine Swift, Tachymarptis melba
  Mottled Swift, Tachymarptis aequatorialis
Genus Apus
Engelsk Norsk Latinsk
Dark-rumped Swift Khasiseiler Apus acuticauda
Little Swift Småseiler Apus affinis
Alexander's Swift Kappverdeseiler Apus alexandri
Common Swift Tårnseiler Apus apus
Madagascar Swift Gasserseiler Apus balstoni
African Swift Negerseiler Apus barbatus
Bates' Swift Kamerunseiler Apus batesi
Forbes-Watson's Swift Somaliseiler Apus berliozi
Bradfield's Swift Namibseiler Apus bradfieldi
White-rumped Swift Kafferseiler Apus caffer
Cook's Swift   Apus cooki
Horus Swift Horusseiler Apus horus
Blyth's Swift   Apus leuconyx
Nyanza Swift Klippeseiler Apus niansae
House Swift Husseiler Apus nipalensis
Fork-tailed Swift, Pacific Swift Gaffelseiler Apus pacificus
Pallid Swift Gråseiler Apus pallidus
Salim Ali's Swift   Apus salimali
Fernando Po Swift   Apus sladeniae
Plain Swift Kanariseiler Apus unicolor

Swift, Tårnseiler, Apus apus 
UK: Swift DE: Mauersegler FR: Martinet noir ES: Vencejo Común CZ: rorýs obecný DA: Mursejler
DU: Gierzwaluw IT: Rondone FI: Tervapääsky PT: Andorinhao-preto SE: Tornseglare NO: Tarnseiler
TR: ebabi EE: Piiritaja SYN: Falciot negre Sorbeltz arrunt

© http://www.ecosystema.ru/

Swifts are found during summer throughout Europe and much of Asia. They arrive in Europe mainly during April and May
and start their journey south around August. European birds tend to overwinter in Africa south of Zaire and Tanzania.

They have sickle shaped wings and dark underparts apart from a pale throat. Almost invariably seen only in flight,
they beat their wings rapidly one minute and then glide the next.
They frequently associate with Barn Swallows Hirundo rustica as they both hunt incessantly for insects.

Nest sites were traditionally cliffs, caves and crags but these have been largely replaced by buildings. An intensely aerial bird,
almost all activity other than nesting, including nocturnal roosting, is carried out on the wing.
 text http://www.arthurgrosset.com/


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